Demographic dividend Flashcards Preview

Geography - population and the environment > Demographic dividend > Flashcards

Flashcards in Demographic dividend Deck (8):
1

what is the dependency ratio?

shows how many young people (under 16) and older people (over 64) depend on people of working age

2

high dependency ratio

countries which have a high dependency ratio have more people not of working age and fewer people working and paying taxes

3

life expectancy

average age to which the population lives

4

what are the problems with comparing dependency ratio data

different retirement ages
age at which children work
productivity of 65+

5

what is demographic dividend

the benefit a country gets when it's working population outgrows its dependents

6

the dividend may be a wasted opportunity?

there is poor educational attainment
lack of transparency and democracy in governements

7

what are the disadvantages of the demographic dividend

boost in productivity will create extra demand in the economy which may cause environmental degradation and pressure on resources

8

second demographic dividend

during stage 4 people are living longer and there is now more elderley dependents and a smaller workforce