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Geography - population and the environment > Malaria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Malaria Deck (13):
1

short facts about malaria

-half the world at risk
-70% of deaths are children under 5 years old
-one child dies every minute
-660,000 deaths each year
-both preventable and cureable
-present in 97 different countries

2

what is the malaria disease

a communicable disease

3

what is malaria?

a tropical vector borne disease caused by the bite of infected bugs

4

2013

estimated that malaria killed 584,000 people 90% of these deaths ocurred across Africa

5

what causes malaria?

parasite transmitted through female mosquitos if it bites someone it can get into the persons bloodstream

6

what are the symptoms of malaria?

fever
headache
vommiting

7

global prevalence and distribution of malaria

-continent of Africa main deaths
-SE Asia some deaths but much smaller
-around the equator
-lesser extent middle east
due to poverty
lack of education
and climate - breeding ground

8

how is malaria treated?

bed nets
indoor spraying
drug discovery
education
improved drainage and irrigation

9

impact of socio-economic environments on malaria prevalence

-greatest among words poorest countries
-housing quality and occupancy
-unsanitary conditions
-occupation -agricultural workers more exposed
-age - kids under 5
-ethnicity- different attitudes to health and education

10

impact of malaria on peoples health and well-being

-devastating impacts
-90% of malaria deaths = Africa
-disease greatly contributes to anemia among young children

11

costs to individuals and their families

include drug purchases, travel expenses and lost days of work

12

cost to government

maintenece, public health interventions

13

what factors encourage / discourage malaria carrying mosquitos?

-breed in stagnent water
-transmission greatest just after rainy season
-can be caught via blood transfusions and organ transplants
-lay eggs in standing water
-high temps encourage
-favour forests and tall grasses
-dont like cold
-warm water = encourages