Flashcards in international organisations and NGO's Deck (24):
international health organisations are divided into 3 groups
what does the term multilateral mean?
means that funding comes from multiple governments and is distributed to many different countries
what does WHO stand for?
world health organisation
what is the primary role of the WHO?
direct and coordinate health within the UN'S system
what are the successes of the WHO?
-1998 WHO launched global polio eradication initiative and by 2006 the number of cases was reduced by 99%
-worked in partnership with other agencies to achieve health related MDG's
-1997- achieved aim of eradicating small pox from globe
UN bodies also involved
what does UNAIDS do?
an innovative partnership that leads and inspires the world on achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and support
what does UNICEF do?
works towards achieving MDG'S and focus to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria
why do governments trust charities?
as they don't have a political agenda
what do NGO's do?
provide approx 20% of all external aid to developing countries
what are NGO's?
non-profit organisation which operates independently of both governement and of profitable business, organised on a local or international level and funded by public donations
NGO's attributes that increase their effectiveness
-ability to reach areas of severe need
-promotion of local involvement
-adaptiveness, innovation, independence and sustainability
what are the advantages of NGO's?
-can undertake missions in areas where govs cant
-more cost effective
-ability to innovate and adapt
-small scale projects
-higher success rate
-long term sustainability
limitations of NGO's
-limited financial and management expertise
-small scale interventions
-possible lack of legitimacy
-difficult to regulate
-can lack transparency and accountability
Bill and Melinda gates foundation
-NGO set up in 2000
-2015 264.5 million given towards improving seeds and soul for African farmers so that rural families remain healthy
evaluate the role of international agencies and NGO's in combating disease at the global scale
WHO - sucesses and evidence
NGO's-strengths and weaknesses
british heart foundation
what are some of the things that the british heart foundation has done? (read BHF sheet)
-sugar levy on soft drink industry
-smoking in cars
-cigarette vending machines
-cardiac rehab in scotland
what does MSF stand for?
medecins sans frontieres
what is MSF?
NGO that exists to save lives by providing medical care where it is needed most
where does MSF funding come from?
90% of funding comes from 6 million individual donors around the world - remaining funding comes from govs
what are the failures of the WHO?
-disease proved more persistent and resistant to drugs
-cholera, diarrhoea and TB killing thousands of children and adults each year
-TB - misuse of antibiotics has caused severe problems with the disease becoming resistant
aid in developing countries
Aid from international health organisations in developed countries pays for less that 5% of total healthcare costs in developing world
donor aid pays for more than 50% of total health bill in developing countries