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Flashcards in international organisations and NGO's Deck (24):
1

international health organisations are divided into 3 groups

multilateral organisations
bilateral organisations
non-governmental organisations

2

what does the term multilateral mean?

means that funding comes from multiple governments and is distributed to many different countries

3

what does WHO stand for?

world health organisation

4

what is the primary role of the WHO?

direct and coordinate health within the UN'S system

5

what are the successes of the WHO?

-1998 WHO launched global polio eradication initiative and by 2006 the number of cases was reduced by 99%
-worked in partnership with other agencies to achieve health related MDG's
-1997- achieved aim of eradicating small pox from globe

6

UN bodies also involved

UNAIDS
UNICEF

7

what does UNAIDS do?

an innovative partnership that leads and inspires the world on achieving universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and support

8

what does UNICEF do?

works towards achieving MDG'S and focus to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS and malaria

9

why do governments trust charities?

as they don't have a political agenda

10

what do NGO's do?

provide approx 20% of all external aid to developing countries

11

what are NGO's?

non-profit organisation which operates independently of both governement and of profitable business, organised on a local or international level and funded by public donations

12

NGO's attributes that increase their effectiveness

-ability to reach areas of severe need
-promotion of local involvement
-adaptiveness, innovation, independence and sustainability

13

what are the advantages of NGO's?

-can undertake missions in areas where govs cant
-more cost effective
-ability to innovate and adapt
-small scale projects
-higher success rate
-long term sustainability

14

limitations of NGO's

-limited financial and management expertise
-small scale interventions
-possible lack of legitimacy
-difficult to regulate
-can lack transparency and accountability

15

Bill and Melinda gates foundation

-NGO set up in 2000
-2015 264.5 million given towards improving seeds and soul for African farmers so that rural families remain healthy

16

evaluate the role of international agencies and NGO's in combating disease at the global scale

WHO - sucesses and evidence
NGO's-strengths and weaknesses
british heart foundation
MSF

17

what are some of the things that the british heart foundation has done? (read BHF sheet)

-sugar levy on soft drink industry
-tobacco
-smoking in cars
-cigarette vending machines
-food labelling
-cardiac rehab in scotland
-social care

18

what does MSF stand for?

medecins sans frontieres

19

what is MSF?

NGO that exists to save lives by providing medical care where it is needed most

20

where does MSF funding come from?

90% of funding comes from 6 million individual donors around the world - remaining funding comes from govs

21

what are the failures of the WHO?

-disease proved more persistent and resistant to drugs
-cholera, diarrhoea and TB killing thousands of children and adults each year
-TB - misuse of antibiotics has caused severe problems with the disease becoming resistant

22

aid in developing countries

Aid from international health organisations in developed countries pays for less that 5% of total healthcare costs in developing world

23

Donor aid

donor aid pays for more than 50% of total health bill in developing countries

24

what are bilateral agencies?

governmental agencies in a single country which provides aid to developing countries