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Geography - population and the environment > international migration > Flashcards

Flashcards in international migration Deck (28):
1

migration

permanent or semi permanent change of residence

2

forced migration

migrant has to leave because of circumstances e.g wart

3

international migration

movement of people across national borders

4

net migration

difference between number of in migrants and out migrants

5

voluntary migration

migrant makes the decision to migrate

6

immigration

action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country

7

emigration

act of leaving home country to live elsewhere

8

asylum seeker

A Person who has fled their country of origin and applies for asylum

9

refugee

person who has fled armed conflict or persecution

10

economic migrant

A person who travels from one country to another in order to improve their standard of living

11

what are push factors?

negative reasons about the place that someone lives that makes them want to move

12

what are pull factors

positive reasons about the place people are moving to and attract them to the area

13

what are the environmental push factors?

natural and man made disasters
soil exhaustion

14

what are the environmental pull factors?

better climate
more fertile land

15

what are socio-economic push factors?

war, conflict
ethnic and religious persecution
shortage of food
unemployment

16

what are the socio-economic pull factors

better education and standard of living
varied employment opportunities
better healthcare

17

positive social for origin country

overpopulation pressures such as

18

positive economic for origin country

remittance supports relatives
less demand for health services

19

positive social for destination country

cultrual and racial variety promotes diversity and encourages intergration and understanding

20

negative social for orgigin country

gender imbalance - more men migrate than women

21

negative economic for origin country

ageing population structure
skilled labour shortages

22

positive economic for destination country

migrant workers spend money and pay taxes

23

negative social for economic country

large influx of migrates can add to housing shortages

24

negative economic

education and healthcare systems become strained

25

impact of migration on pop structure

-can bolster economically active proportion of pop
-sepnding on goods and services as well as taxes will help support economy
-birth rate increases
-gender imbalances

26

impact of migration on NHS

some migrants place greater strains as they experience social deprivation

27

disease transmission

greater transmission as more people closer - disease transmission into countries

28

implications of migration for origin and destination

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