Ethics, Professional Resilience and the Law Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ethics, Professional Resilience and the Law Deck (61)
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1

Define ethics

Branch of physiology considering question 'what should i do'

2

What does ethics assume?

There is a right or wrong answer

3

Define an ethical dilema

Torn between multiple actions which equally appear right or wrong

4

What causes ethical dilemas?

Different values and opinions

5

What is the purpose of an ethical framework?

Maintain trust
Prevent stress or burn out
Make good ethical decisions

6

List the 3 main ethical frameworks

Utilitarianism
Deontology
Virtue theory

7

Describe the utilitarianism ethical theory

Weighing up cost and benefits of different actions and consequences
Usually thought of as lesser of 2 evils

8

What are some of the issues of the utilitarianism ethical thoery?

Many issues hard to compare or hard to agree on what the benefits and harms are

9

Describe the deontology ethical theory

Moral choice based on rules regardless of consequences, applied the same in all similar situations
Usually allows rooms for individuals rights

10

What are the problems with the deontology ethical theory?

Too rigid to be practical in some situations and may not cause the greatest good
Rules can conflict so need to make some judgements

11

What are some problems with the virtue ethical theory?

Hard to know what a good person is
Focus is put on the person being good so may not choose actually the best choice

12

Describe the virtue ethical theory

A good character comes before intelligence so a good person will do the right thing and make good ethical decision

13

Why are ethical frameworks useful?

Encourage reflection
Common framework allows discussion and justification of choices
Help choose best answer

14

What cant ethical frameworks do?

Give an exact answer of what to do

15

What are the steps of the ethical framework when answering ethical questions?

Define all available options
Identify stakeholders who could be affected by the choice
Apply an ethical theory
Identify advantages and disadvantages for each option and stakeholder
Consider the welfare of stakeholders
Minimise any negative impacts

16

What are the stakeholders that need to be considered in vets practices when making ethical choices?

Animal
Owner
Vet

17

What are the considerations that need to be made for animals when making ethical decisions?

Wellbeing- welfare
Autonomy- behavioural freedom
Fairness- respected as having intrinsic value not just instrumental value

18

What are the considerations that need to be made for the owner when making ethical choices?

Wellbeing- pleasure from animal, guilt, physical fitness
Autonomy- freedom to decide for own animal based on informed of all options
Fairness- having access to the same treatment all are

19

What are the considerations that need to be made for the vet when making ethical choices?

Wellbeing- profit, sense of doing harm or good
Autonomy- freedom to choose based on clinical judgement, all options available
Fairness- treated the same as all vets

20

Define professional resiliance

Being able to cope with obstacles appropriately

21

What are causes of poor mental health?

Gene expression
Environment- living, working and relationships
Experiences

22

What are the two different brains responsible for?

Rational- intellectual, knows what to do
Primal- emotional, dampens down rational brain

23

Define mental wellbeing

Physiological state at a point in time, constantly changes up and down

24

What percentages determines mental wellbeing?

40%- actions
10%- circumstances
50%- genetically determined

25

What are the benefits to good mental wellbeing?

Good self esteem
Feeling and expressing range of emotions
Good relationships
Being engaged
Live and work productively
Cope with stress and change
Optimal performance

26

What is meant by the wellbeing spectrum?

Range of emotions that you are at at any one time, from stress and anxiety to confidence

27

What are two approaches to wellbeing?

GREAT
DREAM

28

Describe the GREAT approach to wellbeing

Giving to others- life more meaningful
Relating to others- relationships give sense of belonging
Exercising, caring for body- feel better about self
Awareness- live in the moment and mindfully
Trying new things- learning, cause hope and excitement

29

Describe the DREAM approach to wellbeing

Direction- goals and focus
Resilience- responding well to challenges
Emotions- thinking positively
Acceptance- comfortable with life
Meaning- passions and purpose

30

Define registered veterinary nurse

Person whose name is entered in the list of veterinary nurses maintained by the RCVS