Behaviour, Handling and Socialisation Flashcards Preview

PPPVN > Behaviour, Handling and Socialisation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Behaviour, Handling and Socialisation Deck (29)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the difference between fear and anxiety?

Fear- worry about something actually happening
Anxiety- worrying about something that might happen

2

Why is it important to minimise fear and anxiety in a vet practice?

Animal welfare
Safety of all involved

3

When is fear and anxiety useful and when is it not?

Useful- removing a threat
Not useful- when no treat present

4

What are the principles of a cat friendly clinic?

Increasing standards of cat care and welfare
Tailored waiting rooms to minimise stress
Suitable hospital environment to keep calm, stress free and quiet
Consult rooms suitable such as non-slip surfaces and no escape routes
Gentle handling, recognise cats fear, allow cat to take the lead and take breaks

5

How can animals be prepared to minimise fear and anxiety?

Pre-training
Habituation
Positive reinforcement

6

What is the best way to behave around animals?

Predictably to reduce stress
Quickly respond to body language cues

7

What do dogs do when fearful?

Flight- running/backing away
Appeasement- showing not a threat, roll over or turn away
Fight- last resort, biting, growling

8

What are body languages of dogs that show anxiety?

Yawning
Panting
Licking
Snapping
Ears back
Wide eyes
Avoiding eye contact
Vocalising
Cowering
Tail tucked
Restlessness
Accidents
Anorexia
Destruction

9

How do dogs progress up the ladder of aggression?

Initially show subtle signs
If unsuccessful remove threat escalate behaviour
Aggression is last resort as is high risk for them too

10

When may dogs start with signs high up the ladder?

When signs are ignored in the future they skip unsuccessful behaviours

11

What body languages do cats show to show fear and anxiety?

Tense body
Piloerection
Tail swish
Ears flat
Wide, dilated eyes
Crouching and hiding
Hissing
Scratching
Biting

12

Why do cats show fear body language at the vets?

Feel threatened due to unfamiliar environment and lots of handling

13

How to examine cats?

Keep in crate where possible
Examine facing away to give idea of control and escape
Keep all feet on table

14

How to limit cats stress regarding equipment

Quiet clippers
Small needles
Local anaesthetic
Restrain in towel
Sedate when necessary

15

How should you approach cats?

Slowly
Not confrontational
Calm soft voice
Observe but dont stare

16

What are the sensitive periods for learning?

Puppies- 4-12 weeks
Kittens- 2-7 weeks

17

What is meant by the sensitive period of learning?

Neural plasticity, open to new learning
Learn what is normal so ensure positive experiences and avoid bad

18

What experiences should you provide for your puppy in the sensitive period of learning?

Learn how to socialise
Expose to as many noises, smells, interactions, environment

19

What is habituation and how can it be done?

Learn stimuli and how to respond
Learn what can be ignored in day to day life
Introduced in slow and fun way, recognise when moving too fast

20

What is sensitisation and how does it happen?

Opposite of habituation
Increasing response to high level stimulus or a stimulus applied when animal is already aroused
Negative experiences that cause fear responses to develop

21

What is meant by operant conditioning?

Associative learning so animals realise their behaviour has consequences
Behaviour adapts to maximise positive and minimise negative outcomes

22

Why are puppy classes useful?

Opportunity to learn about the world in gradual and supervised exposure in an enjoyable way
Learn how to interact with humans and dogs
Education for owners
Teach life skills, prevent unwanted behaviour
Uses reward based training

23

What type of training is the most ethical? Explain how it works

Positive reinforcement
Adding nice in response to behaviour

24

What is negative reinforcement?

Taking away something nasty in response to behaviour

25

What is meant by positive punishment?

Adding something bad in response to behaviour

26

What is negative punishment?

Taking away something good in response to behaviour

27

Why do both forms of punishment decrease likelihood of target behaviour?

Negative outcome so animal less likely to want to do something

28

Explain classical conditioning

Associative learning where emotional responses develop in response to neutral stimuli through pairing with reward for another stimuli

29

Why is dominance in training often misunderstood?

Teaches based on putting dog in place
Dogs in reality has fluid relationships and learn from previous interactions and perform behaviours that will gain access to important resources