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Flashcards in Nursing models Deck (17)
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1

What is the medical model?

Patient is seen as an anatomical and physiological system
Disease orientated approach to patient without being tailored to an individual

2

What is the nursing process?

Deliver nursing care in a systematic approach

3

What are the stages of the nursing process?

Assessment- information gathering including history and information needed for hospital stay
Diagnosis- vet makes judgement about disease and nurse makes judgement about how to nurse
Planning- plan based on diagnosis, solve problem and prevent potential problems, make as comfortable as possible
Intervention- putting what planned into action, clearly record decision and why
Evaluation- check if any benefit has been made and whether any adaptations need to be made

4

Why are nursing models used?

Provide framework for caring for an individual
Logical and allows adaptation to meet specific requirements
Give consistency of care

5

Describe orems model

Human model focused on patient being initiative and active in care with nurse only being active when patient cant meet 8 needs them selves
Interventions focus on how patient can achieve needs

6

What are the 8 human needs in the orem model?

Sufficient air
Sufficient food
Sufficient water
Satisfactory elimination functions
Activity and rest balance
Balance of solitude and socialisation
Prevention of hazards to life, functioning and wellbeing
Promotion of functioning and development in social groups in accordance to human potentials, limitations and desire for normalcy

7

What life stages does orems model apply to?

Interuterine life, birth, neonatal life
Infancy
Childhood
Adolescence
Early adulthood
Progressive stages of adulthood
Pregnancy

8

Describe the RLT model

Assesses patients relative independence and potential for independence of daily living
Developed by human nurses to look at whole patient not just the disease

9

What is assessed in the RTL model?

Abilities of living
Lifespan
Individualities of living
Dependence/independence continuum
Factors influencing activities of living

10

What are the abilities of living in the RLT model?

Maintaining safe environment
Communicating
Breathing
Eating and drinking
Eliminating
Dressing and cleansing
Controlling body temperature
Mobilising
Working and playing
Expressing sexuality
Sleeping
Dying

11

What lifespans are observed in the RLT model?

Infant
Adolescent
Adulthood
Geriatric
Need prior knowledge of each species life stages and how they vary between species

12

What is meant by individuality of living in RLT model?

How patients carry out activities of living differently

13

What is the purpose of the dependence/independence continuum in the RLT model?

Acknowledge that over time patients ability to carry out activities of life varies

14

What factors influence activities of living regarding the RLT model?

Biological
Psychological
Sociocultural
Environmental
Politico economic

15

What is the ability model?

Inspired by RLT model but structured around animals abilities

16

What needs to be taken into account when looking at the ability model?

Cultural differences
Owner compliance
Financial implications
Life stage

17

What are the abilities in the ability model? (10)

Eat adequate amount
Drink adequate amount
Urinate normally
Defecate normally
Breathe normally
Maintain body temperature
Groom itself
Mobilise adequately
Sleep/rest
Express normal behaviour