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Flashcards in First aid Deck (96)
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1

Define first aid

Provision of initial care for illness or injury to preserve wellbeing and promote recovery

2

Who can perform first aid?

Any as long as it is to preserve life, prevent suffering and prevent deterioration until vet can diagnose and treat

3

What does schedule 3 state about providing first aid?

Vet nurses must be competent at first aid and vets are allowed to direct nurses to carry out limited surgery

4

How to answer telephone calls for emergency situations

Introduce self and be polite and calm
Ascertain whether life-threatening or not
Get mobile number
Check if new or existing client
Quote price for emergency consult
Clear directions to get to practice and give practice phone number
Get ETA
Ask to bring in ASAP

5

How to determine urgency of patients over the phone?

Known toxins?
Onset time of signs?
Current conditions or medications?
Breathing?
Normal walking?
Consciousness?
Trauma?

6

What are examples of life threatening emergencies?

Respiratory distress
Severe bleeding
Collapse/unconscious
Rapid abdominal distension
Inability to urinate
Neurological abnormalities
Vomiting and diarrhoea
Extreme pain
Toxin ingestion
Bone fracture
Dystocia

7

How to advise owners when animal is haemorrhaging?

Keep calm to reduce heart rate
Apply pressure with clean cloth
Tourniquet distal limbs when less than 20 minutes to practice

8

How to advise owners when animal has foreign object?

Don't remove
Keep calm and still
Get to vets ASAP

9

What should you do when you establish condition is non life threatening?

Take standard history
Ask further questions

10

What are examples of non-life threatening conditions?

Mild vomiting and diarrhoea
Small wounds
Minimal blood loss
Polyuria
Polydipsia
Weight bearing lameness
Short single seizure

11

How to advise owner with broken bones?

Keep patient confined
Support patient
Prevent further movement

12

How to transport emergency patients?

Be aware they may be unpredictable
Best kept in crate
For large dogs carry on board/blanket

13

What should be the priority when giving first aid out of practice?

Own safety especially with wildlife

14

What is the purpose of an emergency crash trolley?

Immediate access to life saving drugs and equpitment

15

What emergency equipment is used in practice?

ET tubes
Laryngoscope
Oxygen
Anaesthesia
IV catheters
Clippers
Scissors
Tape and bandages
ECG
Syringes and needles
Suction
Urinary catheters
Drug dosage charts
Fluids
Scalpels
Suture materials

16

What drugs should be present on crash trolley?

Cardiac resuscitation
Anticonvulsants
Steroids
Analgesics
Anaesthetics
Fluids

17

Define triage

Organising according to condition severity to provide appropriate treatment

18

List the stages of triage

Phone call
Primary survey
Assessment of 3 major body systems
Urinary
Pain
Capsule history
Secondary survey

19

How to prepare for triaging an incoming patient?

Prepare consent forms and critical care monitoring sheet
Prepopulate with patient information
Highlight areas for owner to complete
Note down history and each examination result

20

What needs to be observed as the initial primary survey?

Airways
Breathing
Circulation

21

What are the 3 major body systems?

Cardiovascular
Respiration
Neurological

22

What cardiovascular parameters need to be assessed?

Heart rate
Pulse quality
Mucous membrane colour
CRT

23

What respiratory parameters need to be assessed?

Respiratory rate
Respiratory effort
Changes with inspiration and expiration

24

What neurological factors need to be assessed?

Gait
Mentation/consciousness
Temperature
Sensation in all of body
Seizures

25

What urinary system parameters need to be assessed?

Any obstructions
Size of bladder

26

When is capsule history not taken in triage?

When patient is unstable and needs to go straight to vet, gets taken later

27

What is recorded in capsule history?

Age
Sex and neuter status
Breed
Last seen normal
Last eaten, drank
Last urinated
Vomiting or diarrhoea
Coughing
Toxins or trauma
Static or progressive condition
Other conditions

28

What is the purpose of the secondary survey?

Identify problems that could rapidly become life threatening

29

What should be assessed in secondary survey?

Nose
Mouth
Eyes
Ears
Thorax
Abdomen
Limbs and tail

30

What are general nursing requirements alongside providing first aid?

Keep calm and quiet
Keep comfortable
Allow toileting
Managing dressings and catheters
Monitoring parameters
Feeding