Flashcards in First aid Deck (96)
Define first aid
Provision of initial care for illness or injury to preserve wellbeing and promote recovery
Who can perform first aid?
Any as long as it is to preserve life, prevent suffering and prevent deterioration until vet can diagnose and treat
What does schedule 3 state about providing first aid?
Vet nurses must be competent at first aid and vets are allowed to direct nurses to carry out limited surgery
How to answer telephone calls for emergency situations
Introduce self and be polite and calm
Ascertain whether life-threatening or not
Get mobile number
Check if new or existing client
Quote price for emergency consult
Clear directions to get to practice and give practice phone number
Ask to bring in ASAP
How to determine urgency of patients over the phone?
Onset time of signs?
Current conditions or medications?
What are examples of life threatening emergencies?
Rapid abdominal distension
Inability to urinate
Vomiting and diarrhoea
How to advise owners when animal is haemorrhaging?
Keep calm to reduce heart rate
Apply pressure with clean cloth
Tourniquet distal limbs when less than 20 minutes to practice
How to advise owners when animal has foreign object?
Keep calm and still
Get to vets ASAP
What should you do when you establish condition is non life threatening?
Take standard history
Ask further questions
What are examples of non-life threatening conditions?
Mild vomiting and diarrhoea
Minimal blood loss
Weight bearing lameness
Short single seizure
How to advise owner with broken bones?
Keep patient confined
Prevent further movement
How to transport emergency patients?
Be aware they may be unpredictable
Best kept in crate
For large dogs carry on board/blanket
What should be the priority when giving first aid out of practice?
Own safety especially with wildlife
What is the purpose of an emergency crash trolley?
Immediate access to life saving drugs and equpitment
What emergency equipment is used in practice?
Tape and bandages
Syringes and needles
Drug dosage charts
What drugs should be present on crash trolley?
Organising according to condition severity to provide appropriate treatment
List the stages of triage
Assessment of 3 major body systems
How to prepare for triaging an incoming patient?
Prepare consent forms and critical care monitoring sheet
Prepopulate with patient information
Highlight areas for owner to complete
Note down history and each examination result
What needs to be observed as the initial primary survey?
What are the 3 major body systems?
What cardiovascular parameters need to be assessed?
Mucous membrane colour
What respiratory parameters need to be assessed?
Changes with inspiration and expiration
What neurological factors need to be assessed?
Sensation in all of body
What urinary system parameters need to be assessed?
Size of bladder
When is capsule history not taken in triage?
When patient is unstable and needs to go straight to vet, gets taken later
What is recorded in capsule history?
Sex and neuter status
Last seen normal
Last eaten, drank
Vomiting or diarrhoea
Toxins or trauma
Static or progressive condition
What is the purpose of the secondary survey?
Identify problems that could rapidly become life threatening
What should be assessed in secondary survey?
Limbs and tail