Ethnic Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors (Institutional Racism) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ethnic Differences in Achievement - Internal Factors (Institutional Racism) Deck (11)
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1

How is this approach different from looking at the interactions (labelling)?

Instead of looking at individual teacher's racism, this looks at racism as a whole (even unconsciously) of schools.

2

How do critical race theorists (CRT) view institutional racism?

Deep-rooted, 'looked-in' feature, it's so large that racism no longer needs to be intentional --> it feeds on itself.

3

What is meant by an ethnocentric curriculum?

A curriculum that disregards/downgrades a particular ethnic group, while prioritising another.

4

Who discusses the ethnocentric curriculum?

1). Troyna and Williams =

gives priority to English culture and language.

2). David =

'specifically British' curriculum.

3). Ball =

history curriculum --> recreating a 'mythical age of empire and past glories', while ignoring the history of black and Asian people.

5

What is the impact of the ethnocentric curriculum?

Ethnic minorities feel their culture isn't valued =

- this diminishes their sense of self-esteem.

- inevitably making them under-achieve.

6

Apart from an ethnocentric curriculum, what are other examples of institutional racism?

1). Selection and segregation.

2). Assessment.

3). Access to opportunities.

4). The new IQism.

7

Who says marketisation allows negative stereotypes to influence decisions about admission?

Gillborn (1997).

8

How does Gillborn say assessment in schools is rigged to fail black pupils?

Baseline assessments = blacks ahead of whites.

Replaced in 2003 by foundation stage profile =

- based on teacher's judgements (stereotyping).
- blacks behind whites.

9

What did Tikly and Strand find about black pupils' opportunities?

They are more likely to be placed in lower-tier exams =

- as they are placed in lower sets/streams.

- due to teacher's expectations --> self-fulfilling prophecy.

10

What is meant by 'the new IQism'?

- Schools are using old-style IQ tests to allocate pupils to streams (think ability is innate).

- Black pupils placed in lower streams as a result.

11

What are the criticisms of Gillborn's view that ethnic differences are the result of institutional racism?

1). Sewell rejects the CRT =

- says institutional racism isn't powerful enough to prevent pupils succeeding.

- need to focus on external factors.