Final- Session 10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final- Session 10 Deck (10)
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1

Two requirements for organizational Structure

1. Division of labor:
• Subdivision of work into separate jobs assigned to
different people – leads to job specialization
2. Coordination:
• Informal communication
• Formal hierarchy
• Standardization

2

Span of Control

- Number of people directly reporting to the next
level
• Related to coordination through direct supervision
- Wider span of control possible when:
• Other coordinating mechanisms are present
• Routine tasks
• Low employee interdependence

3

Departmentalization

- Specifies how employees and their activities are grouped together
- Three functions:
1. Establishes chain of command
2. Creates common mental models, measures of
performance, etc.
3. Encourages staff to coordinate through informal
communication

4

Types of Departmentalization Structures

1. Simple
2. Functional
3. Divisional
4. Team-based
5. Matrix
6. Network

5

Simple Structure

- Minimal hierarchy
- Roles are broadly defined
- Informal communication for coordination
- Centralized structure

6

Functional Structure

Organizes employees around specific knowledge or other resources (e.g., marketing, production)

7

Divisional Structure

Organizes employees around outputs, clients, or geographic areas

8

Team-based Structure

- Self-directed work teams
- Teams organized around work processes
- Typically organic structure
- Usually found within divisionalized structure

9

Matrix Structure

Employees are temporarily assigned to a specific
project team and have a permanent functional unit

10

Network Structure

-Alliance of firms creating a product or service
-Supporting firms beehived around a “hub” or “core” firm