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Flashcards in Section 2 Deck (17)
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1

What makes up the MARS Model?

- Motivation
-Ability
-Role Perceptions
-Situational Factors

2

What are the big 5 personality traits?

- Openness to Experience
- Conscientiousness
- Extraversion (Introversion)
-  Agreeableness
- Neuroticism (Emotion stability)

3

What are the 3 ethical principles?

1. Utilitarianism
2. Individual Rights
3. Distributed Justice

4

What is Utilitarianism?

seek the greatest good for the greatest
number of people.

5

What is Individual Rights?

everyone has entitlements that let her or
him act in a certain way.

6

What is Distributed Justice?

people who are similar should receive
similar benefits and burdens

7

What are the cross-cultural values?

- Individualism vs. Collectivism
- Power Distance
- UncertaintyAvoidance
- Masculinity vs. Femininity (Achievement vs. Nurturing)

8

What does the ASA process mean?

- Attraction-Selection-Attrition (ASA)

Organizations attract and select individuals with similar
personalities & values and lose individuals with dissimilar personalities & values.

9

What are deep-level and surface-level diversity?

Surface-Level -- Race/Ethnicity, Gender, Age, & Disabilities
Deep-Level -- Personality Values, Religion, & Sexual Orientation

10

What are the 4 consequences of job dissatisfaction?

1.Exit
2.Voice
3.Loyalty
4.Neglect

11

What is the trait that employers often focus on during hiring?

Conscientiousness

12

What are the two traits that are important for improving team performance?

1. Conscientiousness
2. Agreeableness

13

Individualism vs. Collectiveness

The focus of this dimension is on the question regarding whether people have a preference for being left alone to look after themselves or want to remain in a closely knitted network.

14

What is Power Distance?

This dimension explains the extent to which members who are less powerful in a society accept and also expect that the distribution of power takes place unequally.

15

What is Uncertainty Avoidance?

the extent to which the members belonging to a society are capable of coping with future uncertainty without going through stress.

16

Masculinity vs. Femininity (Achievement vs. Nurturing)

Masculinity implies a society’s preference for assertiveness, heroism, achievement and material reward for attaining success. On the contrary, femininity represents a preference for modesty, cooperation, quality of life and caring for the weak.

17

What feeds into the MARS model?

-Personality
-Values
-Self-concept
-Perceptions
-Emotions & Attitudes
-Stress