Flashcards in Section 3 (Part 2) Deck (10)
What is Expectancy Theory?
The strength of a tendency to act in a certain way depends on the strength of an expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual
What are the 3 components of expectancy theory?
1. E--P: do I feel that more effort will lead to success?
2. P--O: does success lead to rewards?
3. O: are the rewards valued?
(Effort, Performance, & Outcome)
What are the main arguments of expectancy theory?
-proposes that an individual will behave or act in a certain way because they are motivated to select a specific behavior over other behaviors due to what they expect the result will be
-Organizations need to relate rewards directly to performance and to ensure that the rewards provided are those rewards deserved and wanted by the recipients
What are Maslow's Hierarchy of needs?
-Self- actualization- fulfillment, maximizing potential
-Self-Esteem- self-respect, competence, respect from others
-Belongingness- friendship, love, group membership
-Safety-security, shelter, protection
-Physiological-survival (air water food sleep)
What is Goal-Setting Theory?
Specific & difficult goals, with feedback, lead to higher performance
What are SMART Goals?
What is Equity Theory?
Individuals compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to eliminate any inequities.
What is Job Design?
The way the elements in a job are organized can act to increase or decrease effort.
What are the 5 job characteristics?
1. Skill Variety
2. Task Identity
3. Task Significance