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Flashcards in Section 3 (Part 2) Deck (10)
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1

What is Expectancy Theory?

The strength of a tendency to act in a certain way depends on the strength of an expectation that the act will be followed by a given outcome and on the attractiveness of that outcome to the individual

2

What are the 3 components of expectancy theory?

1. E--P: do I feel that more effort will lead to success?
2. P--O: does success lead to rewards?
3. O: are the rewards valued?

(Effort, Performance, & Outcome)

3

What are the main arguments of expectancy theory?

-proposes that an individual will behave or act in a certain way because they are motivated to select a specific behavior over other behaviors due to what they expect the result will be
-Organizations need to relate rewards directly to performance and to ensure that the rewards provided are those rewards deserved and wanted by the recipients

4

What are Maslow's Hierarchy of needs?

-Self- actualization- fulfillment, maximizing potential
-Self-Esteem- self-respect, competence, respect from others
-Belongingness- friendship, love, group membership
-Safety-security, shelter, protection
-Physiological-survival (air water food sleep)

5

What is Goal-Setting Theory?

Specific & difficult goals, with feedback, lead to higher performance

6

What are SMART Goals?

Specific
Measurable
Achievable
Relevant
Time framed

7

What is Equity Theory?

Individuals compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to eliminate any inequities.

8

What is Job Design?

The way the elements in a job are organized can act to increase or decrease effort.

9

What are the 5 job characteristics?

1. Skill Variety
2. Task Identity
3. Task Significance
4. Autonomy
5. Feedback

10

How to improve skill variety?

-job rotation
-job enrichment
-job enlargement