Final- Session 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Final- Session 9 Deck (8)
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1

Three Perspectives of Leadership

1. Competency
2. Behavioral
3. Contingency

2

Competency Theories

- Effective leaders possess specific personal characteristics.
- Several key competencies consistently associated with leadership:
• personality; self-concept; intelligence (cognitive &
emotional); motivation; integrity; job-relevant
knowledge

3

Limitations of Competency Theories

-Implies a universal approach
- Alternative combinations of competencies might
work just as well
- Leadership is relational, not just something within
the person
- Competencies refer to leadership potential, not
performance

4

Behavioral Theories

- Behaviors make the leader.
- Shift in underlying assumptions about leadership.
- Types of leadership
• Task-oriented vs. People-oriented
• Transformational vs. Transactional
• Servant

5

Contingency Theories

- Leader-Situation Fit
- Trust
• Dimensions
• Principles
- Theories
• Path-Goal Leadership Model
• Situational Leadership Model
• Fiedler’s Contingency Model

6

Task Oriented vs. People Oriented Leader Behavior

- Task-oriented behaviors
• Assign work, clarify responsibilities
• Set goals and deadlines, provide feedback
• Establish work procedures, plan future work
- People-oriented behaviors
• Concern for employee needs
• Make workplace pleasant
• Recognize employee contributions
• Listen to employees

7

Path Goal Theory: Four Leadership Styles

1. Directive
• Provide psychological structure to jobs
• Task-oriented behaviors
2. Supportive
• Provide psychological support
• People-oriented behaviors
3. Participative
• Encourage/facilitate employee involvement
4. Achievement-oriented
• Encourage peak performa

8

Transformational Leadership

Change agents – transforming the organization to fit environment

Elements:
1. Develop a strategic vision
2. Communicate the vision
3. Model the vision
4. Build commitment to the vision