Flashcards in Gender and Moral Development Deck (15)
What was gained from Kohlberg's theory?
Understanding of how cognitive processes contribute to moral behavior.
What is a critique of Kohlberg's theory? (3)
1. He did not separate between truly moral issues and issues of social convention. 2. Cultures have different values. 3. Moral development is not discontinuous.
What are prosocial behaviors?
Voluntary behaviors intended to benefit another, such as helping, sharing with, and comforting others.
What are moral judgements?
Decisions that pertain to issues of right and wrong, fairness, and justice.
What are social-conventional judgement?
Decisions that pertain to customs or regulations intended to secure social coordination and social organization.
What are personal judgement?
Decisions that refer to actions in which individual preferences are the main consideration.
What is gender constancy?
Term coined by Kohlberg meaning a children's understanding of the irreversibility of their sex.
What is gender typing?
The process of gender socialization during development.
By what age do infants categorize faces by gender?
By 1 year of age.
By what age do children prefer others of the same gender?
By age 3.
By what age are toy preferences present?
By 1.5-2 years of age.
Girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia exhibited what kind of toy preferences?
They preferred more boy toys, than girl ones.
Why might hormones influence toy behaviors?
They may influence activity level.
What is gender stability?
Awareness that gender remains the same over time.