Flashcards in Theories of Social Development Deck (22)
Are traditional theories based on stages?
Are traditional theories more theoretical, rather than empirical?
What are Freud's major contributions? (3)
1. Importance of early relationships. 2. Unconscious. 3. Idea that people are not rational.
What theory did Eric Erikson come up with?
The theory of psycho-social development
Describe the importance of relationships according to the psycho-social development theory.
Relationships are central to all aspects of learning and development.
What parts of Erikson's theory have been somewhat validated? (3)
1. Early childhood. 2. Adolescence. 3. Old age.
What did the behaviorism approach emphasize? (2)
1. Scientific approaches. 2. Nurture.
Who is Konrad Lorenz?
Father of ethology; studied imprinting in ducks.
Who is Tinbergen?
Came up with the four main questions. Studied wasps.
What influenced modern attachment theory? (3)
1. Ethology. 2. Freud. 3. Erick Erikson.
Describe the ethology approach. (2)
1. Many complex behaviors don't require reinforcement. 2. The nature of the species influences how nurture works.
What does modern attachment theory emphasize?
Social emotional tie to another person.
Describe the biological approach.
What is temperament?
Genetic drives that affect how children respond to their environment.
What theory did Albert Bandura start?
Social Learning Theory.
Describe the Social Learning approach.
Learning is inherently social.
When do children copy a model? (3)
1. If model is positively reinforced. 2. If the observer is rewarded. 3. Relation to the observer (gender, family, etc.).
Does Sponge-bob have a negative impact on executive functioning?
Describe the Social Information Processing approach.
Describes how people solve social problems.
According to Brofenbrenner's Ecological model, what are changes over time?
What does Brofenbrenner's Ecological model emphasize?
That context matters.