Geography- case study-DW- volcano LEDC- Soufrière hill Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography- case study-DW- volcano LEDC- Soufrière hill Deck (8)
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Where is Soufrière hill?

In Montserrat, the Caribbean island

1

What type of plate boundary did it lie on?

The North American plate subducted beneath the Caribbean plate (destructive)

2

When was the major eruption?

June 1997 (volcanic activity from two years before)

3

How many death were there?

23

4

What were the primary effects?

-death
-villages destroyed
-hundreds of people left homeless
-ash destroyed farmland and crops
-airport closed

5

What were the secondary effects?

-Unemployment rose from 7% to 50%
-countries tourist industry stopped with closure of airport
-5000 people moved off island (skills shortage)

6

What were the short term responses?

-people were evacuated from highest risk areas in the North of the Island
-tents from the UK were sent

7

What were the long term responses?

-£2400 offered to each adult over 18 to leave the island
-Uk government helped to rebuild in the 'safe' North
-trying to attract tourists back to the island

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