Geography- case study- T- tourism- Antartica Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography- case study- T- tourism- Antartica Deck (10):
1

How many tourists visit each year?

40,000

2

When did the first specifically designed crew ship make its first voyage?

1969

3

Why do most visitors have to arrive by cruise ship?

There are no commercial airports

4

How do tourists travel around to the key locations (such as Peninsula) for short visits?

Small boats

5

What are tourists attracted by?

Magnificent scenery e.g glaciers
Wildlife (penguins, whales, seals)
Antarctica's remoteness and extreme environment adds a sense of adventure
More than 99% of Antarctica is covered in ice
Walking, kayaking, skiing,climbing, scuba diving, helicopter rides

6

How does the Antarctica Treaty control tourism?

The international Association of Antarctic Tour Operators has a stick set of guidelines e.g:
-do not go within 5m of a penguin or other wildlife
-tourists must come ashore in groups of no more than 100 people at a time
-visitors must not take things away as souvenirs
-discharge of waste and disposal of rubbish by ships in Antarctic waters is not allowed

7

What are the positive impacts of tourism for Antarctica?

- Many tour operators contribute money to schemes to conserve Antarctica
-visitors usually become advocates for the protection of Antarctica when they return home
-tourism has conserved important sites e.g Scotts Hut from the 1910 British Antarctic Expedition

8

What are the negative impacts of tourism for Antarctica?

-boats tend to visit the same penguin colonies, sometimes several times a day. Disturbing the habitats
-animals do not like to be touched, if they leave as a result they may abandon eggs and young
-tourists trample slow-growing, fragile plants (mosses and lichen) and may leave litter
-the size of tour ships is increasing. An accident could result in an oil spill, which would harm wildlife.

9

What are the worries for the future of Antarctica?

-There is a concern that larger ships will eventually be allowed to land and the volume of tourists will be beyond sustainable limits .
-There is a concern that breeding patterns may be disrupted as the peak tourist and breeding seasons coincide
-A big worry is any development of land based tourism
-there is a danger that tourists may come to see Antarctica as a theme park rather than a fragile nature reserve

10

When did small scale tourism start in Antartica?

The 1950s when commercial shipping began to take a few passengers

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