Geography- case study-PC- population control- Kerela Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography- case study-PC- population control- Kerela Deck (5)
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What were Kerala's strategies for population change?

focused on social changes to create a society that encourages, but doesn’t enforce, smaller families.


What were Kerala's policies?

-Improving education standards and treating girls as equal with boys
-Providing adult literacy classes in towns and villages
-Educating people to understand the benefits of smaller families
-Reducing infant mortality so people no longer need to have so many children
-Improving child health through vaccination programmes
-Providing free contraception and advice
-Encouraging a higher age of marriage
-Allowing maternity leave for the first 2 babies only
-Providing extra retirement benefits for those with small families
-Following a Land Reform Programme (links with Food Supply Issues)

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When did Kerala's population change focus start?

The 1960s


Effects of the policies

-birth rate was lowered
-free library's in most villages
-more girls go to university than boys
-no one was landless
-no family could have more then 8 hectares of land (disadvantage for big families)


What is Kerala's life expectancy and how does this differ from the average of the rest of India?

71 compared to the rest of India which is 64

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