Geography- case study-WOL- flooding- Morpeth Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Geography- case study-WOL- flooding- Morpeth Deck (7)
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Where is Morpeth?

A market town situated in the North East of England

1

What flood defence was established and when?

Following the 1963 flood
-flood walls

2

What were the human causes of the flood?

-1062 properties were located on floodplains (only 62 escaped the destruction) which damages a rivers natural drainage ground and pushes flood waters downstream.
-increased urbanisation (most water falling in town drained directly into the stream)

3

Natural causes of the flood

-saturated soil as a result of a wet summer (greater surface run-off)
-prolonged rainfall, lead to a peak water level of 3.99m (highest ever recorded)

4

What are the effects of the flood?

-residents forced from their homes (caravans, relatives).
-damages were over £10 million.
-farming losses at over £1 million.

5

What were the short term responses?

-more than 400 residents were evacuated.
-shelter was provided
-emergency rescue services involved in rescue and recovery operations .

6

What were the long term responses?

-possible creation of an upstream reservoir (holding 1 million cubic metres)
-More flood walls built

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