Flashcards in Geography- case study-WOL- flooding- Morpeth Deck (7)
Where is Morpeth?
A market town situated in the North East of England
What flood defence was established and when?
Following the 1963 flood
What were the human causes of the flood?
-1062 properties were located on floodplains (only 62 escaped the destruction) which damages a rivers natural drainage ground and pushes flood waters downstream.
-increased urbanisation (most water falling in town drained directly into the stream)
Natural causes of the flood
-saturated soil as a result of a wet summer (greater surface run-off)
-prolonged rainfall, lead to a peak water level of 3.99m (highest ever recorded)
What are the effects of the flood?
-residents forced from their homes (caravans, relatives).
-damages were over £10 million.
-farming losses at over £1 million.
What were the short term responses?
-more than 400 residents were evacuated.
-shelter was provided
-emergency rescue services involved in rescue and recovery operations .