gold usmle: drug side effects Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in gold usmle: drug side effects Deck (31):
1

Agranulocytosis

Clozapine, Chloramphenical

2

Aplastic Anemia

Chloramphenicol
422. NSAIDs
423. Benzene

3

Atropine-like Side Effects

Tricyclics

4

Cardiotoxicity

Doxorubicin
426. Daunorubicin

5

Cartilage Damage in Children

Fluoroquinolones (Ciprofloxacin & Norfloxacin)

6

Cinchonism

Quinidine

7

Cough

ACE Inhibitors

8

Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

Lithium (Txt w/ Amiloride)

9

Disulfiram-like Effect

Metronidazole
432. Sulfonylureas (1st generation)

10

Extrapyramidal Side Effects

Antipsychotics (Thioridazine, Haloperidol, Chlorpromazine)

11

Fanconi’s Syndrome

Tetracycline

12

Fatal Hepatotoxicity (necrosis)

Valproic Acid
436. Halothane
437. Acetaminophen

13

Gingival Hyperplasia

Phenytoin

14

Gray Baby Syndrome

Chloramphenicol

15

Gynecomastia

Cimetidine
441. Azoles
442. Spironolactone
443. Digitalis

16

Hemolytic Anemia in G6PD-deficiency

Sulfonamides
445. Isoniazid
446. Aspirin
447. Ibuprofen
448. Primaquine

17

Hepatitis

Isoniazid

18

Hot Flashes, Flushing

Niacin
451. Tamoxifen
452. Ca++ Channel Blockers

19

Induce CP450

Barbiturates – Phenobarbital
454. Phenytoin
455. Carbamazepine
456. Rifampin

20

Inhibit CP450

Cimetidine
458. Ketoconazole

21

Interstitial Nephritis

Methicillin
460. NSAIDs (except Aspirin)
461. Furosemide
462. Sulfonamides

22

Monday Disease

463. Nitroglycerin Industrial exposure → tolerance during week → loss of tolerance during weekend → headache, -
ach, dizziness upon re-exposure

23

Orange Body Fluids

Rifampin

24

Osteoporosis

Heparin
466. Corticosteroids

25

Positive Coombs’ Test

Methyldopa

26

Pulmonary Fibrosis

Bleomycin
469. Amiodarone

27

Red Man Syndrome

Vancomycin

28

Severe HTN with Tyramine

MAOIs

29

SLE-like Syndrome

Procainamide
473. Hydralazine
474. INH

30

Tardive Dyskinesia

Antipsychotics (Thioridazine, Haloperidol, Chlorpromazine) Clozapine: only antipsychotic to not
476. give you tardive dyskinesia

31

Tinnitus

Aspirin
478. Quinidine