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Flashcards in gold usmle: Hallmark Findings Deck (154)
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1

Albumino-Cytologic Dissociation

Guillain-Barre (markedly increased protein in CSF with only modest increase in cell count)

2

Antiplatelet Antibodies

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

3

Arachnodactyly

Marfan’s

4

Aschoff Bodies

Rheumatic fever

5

Auer Rods

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (AML type M3)

6

Autosplenectomy

Sickle cell anemia: switch a glu ! val in β chain
198. Low O2 ↑ sickling
199. Aplastic crisis w/ B19 (Parvovirus ssDNA) infection
200. Salmonella osteomyelitis
201. Vaso-occlusive painful crisises
202. Hydroxyurea as Txt (↑ HbF) & Bone marrow transplant

7

Babinski

UMN lesion

8

Basophilic Stippling of RBCs

Lead poisoning

9

Bence Jones Protein

Multiple myeloma free light chains (either kappa or lambda)
206. Waldenstrom’s macroglobinemia

10

Birbeck Granules

Histiocytosis X (eosinophilic granuloma)

11

Blue Bloater

Chronic Bronchitis (at least 3 months for at least 2 years of ecessive mucus secretion & chronic
recurrent productive cough)

12

Boot-Shaped Heart

Tetralogy of Fallot

13

Bouchard’s Nodes

Osteoarthritis (Proximal IP joint of the fingers)

14

Boutonniere’s Deformity

Rheumatoid arthritis flex proximal & extend distal IP joints

15

Brown Tumor

Hyperparathyroidism

16

Brushfield Spots

Down’s

17

Call-Exner Bodies

Granulosa cell tumor: associated w/ endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma
215. Granuloma-Theca cell tumor

18

Cardiomegaly with Apical Atrophy

Chagas’ Disease

19

Chancre

1° Syphilis

20

Chancroid

Haemophilus ducreyi

21

Charcot Triad

Multiple sclerosis = nystagmus, intention tremor, scanning speech

22

Charcot-Leyden Crystals

Bronchial asthma

23

Cheyne-Stokes Breathing

Cerebral lesion

24

Chocolate Cysts

Endometriosis

25

Chvostek’s Sign

Hypocalcemia facial spasm in tetany

26

Clue Cells

Gardnerella vaginitis

27

Codman’s Triangle

Osteosarcoma

28

Cold Agglutinins

Mycoplasma pneumoniae
227. Infectious mononucleosis

29

Condyloma Lata

2° Syphilis
229. New coffee flavor at Bagel & Bagel

30

Cotton Wool Spots

HTN
231. Aka, cytoid bodies seen w/ SLE (yellowish cotton wool fundal lesions)