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Flashcards in psych Deck (61)
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1

a benzodiazepine mixed with alcohol can cause

CNS depression

2

antidote to BZDs

Flumazenil

3

benztropine

centrally acting anticholinergic agents that acts as an acetylcholine receptor antagonist
used to treat Parkinson's

4

Flucytosine

potent antifungal

5

Naloxone

used to treat opioid overdose

6

naltrexone

opioid receptor antagonist
used to treat opioid addiction
can also be used to prevent relapses in alcohol dependence

7

Fluoxetine

common SSRI

8

buspirone

partial agonist at 5-HT Receptor
used as an alternative to BDZs to treat generalized anxiety disorder
does not potentiate CNNS depression of alcohol and has little potential for abuse and addiction

9

carbamazepine

anticonvulsant
can be used as a mood stabilizer in bipolar mood disorder

10

propranolol

non specific beta blocker
used for panic disorder and simple phobia

11

trazodone

heterocyclic antidepressant with sedative qualities that is used to treat depression complicated by insomnia
inhibits serotonin reuptake, but also acts as a partial serotonin agonist
can cause priapism

12

what IV BDZ is indicated to treat a pt in alcohol withdrawal with delirium tremens and mild withdrawal

Chlordiazepoxide
long-acting benzodiazepine - stim of GABA receptors
lorazepam, oxazepam, and diazepam would all also be acceptable

13

disulfiram

inhibits acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
causes accumulation of acetaldehyde with ingestion of alcohol
unpleasant effects help alcoholics maintain sobriety

14

haloperidol

typical antipsychotic
can be used in alcohol withdrawal pts suffering psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations

15

methadone

potent, long-acting, opioid agonist
treatment of opioid addiction

16

alcohols effect on the pupils

generally a dilator

17

signs of benzodiazepine overdose

respiratory depression along with hypotension, can have pupillary changes
treat with flumazenil

18

Fomepizole

alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor
prevents the conversion of ethylene glycol and methanol to the toxic substances oxalic acid and formic acid
antidote for methanol or ethylene glycol poisoning

19

N-acetylcysteine

used for acetaminophen poisoning
indication for relieving mucus thickening in cystic fibrosis patients

20

Phenobarbital

long-acting barbiturate
used in pts with seizure disorders

21

Clozapine

atypical antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia that is refractory to traditional therapy
blocks serotonin receptors in addition to the dopamine blockade common to all typical antipsychotics
bone marrow suppression specifically agranulocytosis is a dangerous side effect requiring frequent monitoring of WBC count

22

chlorpromazine

typical antipsychotic
similar profile to haloperidol

23

haloperidol

traditional antipsychotic
acts by blocking dopamine receptors and is not associated with agranulocytosis
causes extrapyramidal adverse effects

24

risperidone

atypical antipsychotic
similar to clozapine but does not produce agranulocytosis
can cause QT interval prolongation and metabolic aberrations

25

thioridazine

traditional antipsychotic

26

schizoid personality disorder

marked by lifetime of voluntary social withdrawal

27

avoidant personality

pervasive pattern of social inhibition however they do desire companionship
intense fear of rejection
feelings of inadequacy and social ineptness to the extent they will participate socially only when they are certain to be liked

28

paranoid personality disorder

more socially engaged than those with schizoid
suspiciousness and mistrust of other people

29

schizophrenia

formal thought disorder with hallucinations or delusional thinking
where pts with schizoid personality disorder have intact reality testing

30

schizophreniform disorder

same sxs as schizophrenia except that sxs last for at least one month but less than six months