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Flashcards in Growth of nationalism and socialism Deck (11):

What had floundered? Why?

Giolitti's programme of deal-making and attempting to bring oppositional forced within the parliamentary system floundered under the mass suffrage that he had been so eager to promote


What did mass suffrage mean? What did the nationalists and Catholics find?

Mass suffrage meant mass parties and both the nationalists and Catholics found the powers of religion and patriotism were the most dynamic forces in gaining the support of the Italian people


Who was Giolitti replaced by? What did the new PM believe?

Giolitti was replaced by Antonio Salandra who believed he could revive liberalism by linking it more closely with nationalism


What was Italy in by 1914?

By June 1914, Italy was again in turmoil


What did the PSI proclaim? Why?

The PSI proclaimed a national strike after 3 protesters were shot dead by police in Ancona


Who joined into the strike? What happened in Italy?

Anarchists, Republicans and other radicals joined in and for a week most of northern and central Italy was in chaos as public buildings were torched, tax registers destroyed, railway stations seized and churches attacked


Who lost their lives (in the strike)? How?

Hundreds of workers lost their lives in battles against authorities


What did Italy appear to be on the verge of?

Italy appeared to be on the verge of a revolution


Why did the strike end?

'Red Week' ended after trade unions agreed to call off the strike


What did the strike demonstrate to Antonio Salandra?

The national strike demonstrated to Antonio Salandra the difficulty of achieving national unity


What did Italian society appear to be?

Italian society appeared more divided on call and ideological grounds than at any time since unification