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MD3001 > Health Promotion > Flashcards

Flashcards in Health Promotion Deck (17)
1

Define health promotion.

Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health

2

List the 5 health promotion approaches.

Providing information
Enhancing motivation
Behavioural methods
Health behaviour
Combined programs

3

How can motivation be enhanced through health promotion?

Gain vs loss framing
Cognitive behavioural therapy
Motivational interviewing
Tailored content

4

How can behavioural methods be used in health promotion?

Training
Reminders
Reinforces

5

How can health behaviour be maintained?

Helping people deal with a lapse
Reduction of relapse

6

What is a lapse?

Going back to old habits and past behaviour

7

Give an example of a combined health promotion program.

Slimming World/Weight Watchers

8

What is primary prevention?

Maintenance of the good health of the wider population. This involves foreseeing potential problems in individuals and reducing their risk before a health issue occurs

9

What is secondary prevention?

Involves screening programs and focused on preventing people who are at increased risk (one or more risk factor)

10

What is tertiary prevention?

Targeted at individuals who already have a health problem and is focused around helping them to 'solve' the problem

11

List 3 main differences between Type A and Type B individuals.

Type A - high competitiveness, high time urgency, high hostility
Type B - low competitiveness, low time urgency, low hostility

12

Give an example of Primary Prevention.

HEBS walking campaign

13

What are the stages of the Stage Model of Behavioural Change?

Pre-contemplation
Contemplation
Preparation
Action
Maintenance
Relapse

14

Name two forms of secondary prevention.

Blood pressure monitoring
Cholesterol checks

15

Define personality.

A person’s cognitive, affective, or behavioural tendencies that are fairly stable across time and situations

16

What two questionnaires can be used to assess Type A behaviour?

Jenkins Activity Survey
Framingham Type A Scale

17

How can Type A behaviour be managed and reduced?

– Stress reduction strategies
– Relaxation techniques
– Anger management

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