Flashcards in Immunity for Patho Deck (56):
Which immune organ are the main developer of T cells?
Which lymphatic system part creates B cells?
What is the #1 way to prevent infection?
What is the first line of defense?
How does mucus help protect the body?
Keeps body from trying out
What does mucus do to microbes?
What enzyme do sweat, tears, and saliva contain?
What does lysozyme do?
Breaks down the cell wall of some bacteria
What happens if microbes pass skin and secretions?
Leukocyte that ingests and destroys pathogens by engulfing them
Giant scavengers or big eaters that develop from monocytes
Dead WBCs that are left from phagocytosis create what?
Reaction to any type of injury to body tissues
What are the four symptoms of inflammation?
Redness, swelling, pain, heat
What causes inflammation?
A release of histamines
Group of proteins that attach to pathogens and damage their plasma membrane and attract phagocytes
Where do viruses replicate?
Can phagocytes destroy viruses?
Protect human cells from viruses
Where are interferons produced?
Body cells infected by the virus and then they spread to uninfected cells
Produce antiviral proteins that disrupt viral replication
The body recognizes a specific pathogen
What has the job of immunity?
The lymphatic system
What are the 3 main functions of the lymphatic system?
Maintain homeostasis, absorbs fat, and defends against disease
Traps foreign particles for filtration
Tissue fluid that enters lymphatic vessels
What color is lymph before infection?
What happens to color of lymph when infected?
It changes colors
What must happen to lymph before it returns to the blood?
Must be filtered
Fight bacteria and other harmful material that enter your nose and mouth
Tongue and tonsils
Small tissue mass that holds lymphocytes and filters lymph
Detects and responds to foreign substances in the blood
Liver and spleen
What do the liver and spleen filter?
When a foreign antigen gets in the body what does it cause the production of?
What do antibodies do?
Fight of future infections
What produces antibodies?
Where lymphocytes mature and develop into cells that fight specific pathogens
What happens to the thymus after puberty?
Gradually decreases in size
Continually circulate through blood looking for the presence of past infections
Inject viral or bacterial protein into the body to mount up an immune response
Vaccination and immunizations
Overreaction of the immune system
Immune system disorder 1
Immune system disorder 2
Makes a mistake and attacks the body's own cells
Autoimmune disease that attacks insulin producing cells
Type 1 diabetes
Autoimmune disease that attacks connective tissue in joints
Autoimmune disease that attacks neuromuscular junctions
Autoimmune disease that attacks neurons in the brain and spinal cord
Immune system fails to develop normally or the immune system is destroyed
What does benadryl treat?
Acute and allergic rhinitis and is an antitussive
When should you not give benadryl?
Severe liver disease, narrow angle glaucoma, and urinary retention
What increases CNS depression when taking benadryl?
What is the main SE of benadryl?
What is the differences between first and second generation antihistamines?
Reduced sedation and fewer anticholinergic effects
What is used for prophylactic and maintenance of chronic asthma?
Leukotriene receptor antagonists