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Flashcards in Immunity for Patho Deck (56):
0

Which immune organ are the main developer of T cells?

Thymus

1

Which lymphatic system part creates B cells?

Bone marrow

2

What is the #1 way to prevent infection?

Washing hands

3

What is the first line of defense?

Intact skin

4

How does mucus help protect the body?

Keeps body from trying out

5

What does mucus do to microbes?

Traps them

6

What enzyme do sweat, tears, and saliva contain?

Lysozyme

7

What does lysozyme do?

Breaks down the cell wall of some bacteria

8

What happens if microbes pass skin and secretions?

Phagocytosis

9

Leukocyte that ingests and destroys pathogens by engulfing them

Phagocyte

10

Giant scavengers or big eaters that develop from monocytes

Macrophage

11

Dead WBCs that are left from phagocytosis create what?

Pus

12

Reaction to any type of injury to body tissues

Inflammation

13

What are the four symptoms of inflammation?

Redness, swelling, pain, heat

14

What causes inflammation?

A release of histamines

15

Group of proteins that attach to pathogens and damage their plasma membrane and attract phagocytes

Complement proteins

16

Where do viruses replicate?

In cells

17

Can phagocytes destroy viruses?

No

18

Protect human cells from viruses

Interferons

19

Where are interferons produced?

Body cells infected by the virus and then they spread to uninfected cells

20

Produce antiviral proteins that disrupt viral replication

Interferons

21

The body recognizes a specific pathogen

Immunity

22

What has the job of immunity?

The lymphatic system

23

What are the 3 main functions of the lymphatic system?

Maintain homeostasis, absorbs fat, and defends against disease

24

Traps foreign particles for filtration

Lymph

25

Tissue fluid that enters lymphatic vessels

Lymph

26

What color is lymph before infection?

Colorless

27

What happens to color of lymph when infected?

It changes colors

28

What must happen to lymph before it returns to the blood?

Must be filtered

29

Fight bacteria and other harmful material that enter your nose and mouth

Tongue and tonsils

30

Small tissue mass that holds lymphocytes and filters lymph

Lymph node

31

Detects and responds to foreign substances in the blood

Liver and spleen

32

What do the liver and spleen filter?

Blood cells

33

When a foreign antigen gets in the body what does it cause the production of?

Antibodies

34

What do antibodies do?

Fight of future infections

35

What produces antibodies?

B cells

36

Where lymphocytes mature and develop into cells that fight specific pathogens

Thymus

37

What happens to the thymus after puberty?

Gradually decreases in size

38

Continually circulate through blood looking for the presence of past infections

B cells

39

Inject viral or bacterial protein into the body to mount up an immune response

Vaccination and immunizations

40

Overreaction of the immune system

Allergy

41

Immune system disorder 1

Allergy

42

Immune system disorder 2

Autoimmune disease

43

Makes a mistake and attacks the body's own cells

Autoimmune disease

44

Autoimmune disease that attacks insulin producing cells

Type 1 diabetes

45

Autoimmune disease that attacks connective tissue in joints

Rheumatoid arthritis

46

Autoimmune disease that attacks neuromuscular junctions

Myasthenia gravis

47

Autoimmune disease that attacks neurons in the brain and spinal cord

Multiple sclerosis

48

Immune system fails to develop normally or the immune system is destroyed

Immunodeficiency disease

49

What does benadryl treat?

Acute and allergic rhinitis and is an antitussive

50

When should you not give benadryl?

Severe liver disease, narrow angle glaucoma, and urinary retention

51

What increases CNS depression when taking benadryl?

Alcohol

52

What is the main SE of benadryl?

Drowsiness

53

What is the differences between first and second generation antihistamines?

Reduced sedation and fewer anticholinergic effects

54

What is used for prophylactic and maintenance of chronic asthma?

Leukotriene receptor antagonists

55

What are examples of leukotriene receptor atagonists?

Accolate and Singulair