Flashcards in Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation for Concepts Deck (66)
When are nutrient needs the highest?
When should a person begin to consider diet for the best pregnancy?
What is insufficient folic acid related to?
What can nutritional deficiencies in early pregnancy cause?
Problems with cellular division and permanent fetal damage
What can nutritional deficiencies later in pregnancy cause?
Problems with birthweight
What is the normal kcal/day for an average woman?
How much should a woman increase her kcals in the first trimester?
How much should a woman increase her kcals in the second and third trimesters?
What should 50% of the increased kcals come from?
What hormone alters carb metabolism?
How much should a woman increase her protein intake?
What is a good source of protein?
Milk and meat
What do you need to increase along with your protein?
How much folacin does a pregnant woman need?
What is a risk with vitamin deficiencies?
Neural tube defects
For a healthy placenta what do you need?
What is a good source of vitamins?
Green veggies, liver, peanuts, and whole grains
What is excessive vitamin A intake associated with?
What builds the skeleton for the fetus?
What happens to the absorption rate of calcium?
How much calcium and phosphorous does a pregnant woman need?
1200 mg/day a piece
How much iron does a nonpregnant and pregnant woman need?
Nonpregnant: 18 mg/day Pregnant: 30-60 mg/day
When do you begin to supplement iron?
What can an iron deficiency cause?
Fetal death, low birth weight, and prematurity
What does vitamin D do?
Why do you take iron with food?
To reduce nausea
What mind of beverage do you take iron with to promote absorption?
An acidic one
What should you not take iron with?
What mineral promotes DNA and RNA synthesis?