Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation for Concepts Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation for Concepts Deck (66)
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0

When are nutrient needs the highest?

During lactation

1

When should a person begin to consider diet for the best pregnancy?

Preconceptions

2

What is insufficient folic acid related to?

Spina bifida

3

What can nutritional deficiencies in early pregnancy cause?

Problems with cellular division and permanent fetal damage

4

What can nutritional deficiencies later in pregnancy cause?

Problems with birthweight

5

What is the normal kcal/day for an average woman?

2100-2400 kcal/day

6

How much should a woman increase her kcals in the first trimester?

None

7

How much should a woman increase her kcals in the second and third trimesters?

300 kcal/day

8

What should 50% of the increased kcals come from?

Carbohydrates

9

What hormone alters carb metabolism?

HPL

10

How much should a woman increase her protein intake?

14 grams

11

What is a good source of protein?

Milk and meat

12

What do you need to increase along with your protein?

Water intake

13

How much folacin does a pregnant woman need?

400 mcg/day

14

What is a risk with vitamin deficiencies?

Neural tube defects

15

For a healthy placenta what do you need?

Folacin

16

What is a good source of vitamins?

Green veggies, liver, peanuts, and whole grains

17

What is excessive vitamin A intake associated with?

Fetal anomalies

18

What builds the skeleton for the fetus?

Minerals

19

What happens to the absorption rate of calcium?

It doubles

20

How much calcium and phosphorous does a pregnant woman need?

1200 mg/day a piece

21

How much iron does a nonpregnant and pregnant woman need?

Nonpregnant: 18 mg/day Pregnant: 30-60 mg/day

22

When do you begin to supplement iron?

12 weeks

23

What can an iron deficiency cause?

Fetal death, low birth weight, and prematurity

24

What does vitamin D do?

Absorbs calcium

25

Why do you take iron with food?

To reduce nausea

26

What mind of beverage do you take iron with to promote absorption?

An acidic one

27

What should you not take iron with?

Tea

28

What mineral promotes DNA and RNA synthesis?

Zinc

29

What helps with fetal teeth and skeletal development?

Fluoride