Flashcards in Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation for Concepts Deck (66)
When are nutrient needs the highest?
When should a person begin to consider diet for the best pregnancy?
What is insufficient folic acid related to?
What can nutritional deficiencies in early pregnancy cause?
Problems with cellular division and permanent fetal damage
What can nutritional deficiencies later in pregnancy cause?
Problems with birthweight
What is the normal kcal/day for an average woman?
How much should a woman increase her kcals in the first trimester?
How much should a woman increase her kcals in the second and third trimesters?
What should 50% of the increased kcals come from?
What hormone alters carb metabolism?
How much should a woman increase her protein intake?
What is a good source of protein?
Milk and meat
What do you need to increase along with your protein?
How much folacin does a pregnant woman need?
What is a risk with vitamin deficiencies?
Neural tube defects
For a healthy placenta what do you need?
What is a good source of vitamins?
Green veggies, liver, peanuts, and whole grains
What is excessive vitamin A intake associated with?
What builds the skeleton for the fetus?
What happens to the absorption rate of calcium?
How much calcium and phosphorous does a pregnant woman need?
1200 mg/day a piece
How much iron does a nonpregnant and pregnant woman need?
Nonpregnant: 18 mg/day Pregnant: 30-60 mg/day
When do you begin to supplement iron?
What can an iron deficiency cause?
Fetal death, low birth weight, and prematurity
What does vitamin D do?
Why do you take iron with food?
To reduce nausea
What mind of beverage do you take iron with to promote absorption?
An acidic one
What should you not take iron with?
What mineral promotes DNA and RNA synthesis?
What helps with fetal teeth and skeletal development?
What is weight gain during pregnancy prescribed by?
What is a healthy BMI?
How much weight is gained from the infant?
How much weight is gained from the placenta?
How much weight is gained from blood?
How much weight is gained from the uterus?
How much weight is gained from the breasts?
How much weight is gained from amniotic fluid?
How much weight should be gained from mom's fat?
What is the total weight gain during a normal pregnancy?
Relationship of weight to height
Weight gain with BMI <19.8 (underweight)
Weight gain with BMI 19.8-26.0 (normal)
Weight gain with BMI 26.1-29.0 (overweight)
Weight gain with BMI >29.0 (obese)
What is the weight gain in the first and second trimester from?
What is the weight gain from in the third trimester?
What is the classic pattern of weight gain?
First trimester 2-4 lbs and then slightly less than a pound a week for the rest of the pregnancy
Why does weight gain >2 lbs a week cause concern?
How much weight should be gained by 20 weeks gestation?
What percent of childbearing women are overweight?
Eating nonfood substances
What should a woman do if she gets a leg cramp?
Stand up and dorsiflex the foot
Why is pregnancy common in pregnancy?
Decreased GI peristalsis
How much caffeine can be consumed a day by a pregnant woman?
How many ounces of milk does a mother make each day?
How many kcals are in an ounce of milk?
How many kcals a day are needed just to produce milk?
How many more kcals should a mom consume when lactating?
500 for the first 6 months
Growth supplement for baby
How much weight should the mother lose after initial weight loss?
No more than 1 pound a week
If mother is nutritionally deprived what happens to the milk?
The quantity is diminished
How much liquid should the mother drink a day when breastfeeding?
What impairs milk production and may make baby sleepy and a poor feeder?
What does the mother drink that may cause irritability in the infant?