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Flashcards in What is Diabetes? Deck (26):
0

3 main characteristics of Type 1 diabetes

• Due to beta cell destruction (no insulin)
• usually effect patients before age 40
• depends in insulin treatment for survival

1

4 main characteristics of Type 2 diabetes

Insulin resistant
Beta cells' inability to produce enough insulin
Typically develops in Pts over 40
Treated with OADs - may require inulin treatment

2

Plasma glucose levels higher than normal (110-126) but lower than those considered diagnostic for diabetes mellitus

Prediabetes

3

3 similarities in Type 1 and 2 diabetes

• high blood glucose
• abnormal lipid cells
• long-term complications

4

What are the two long-term complications for type 1 and 2 diabetes?

Microvascular complications
Macrovascular complications

5

What does Microvascular complications effect?

Small blood vessels

6

What do Macrovascular complications affect?

Large blood vessels

7

Age of onset for type 1 diabetes

Usually under 40

8

Age of onset for type 2 diabetes

Usually over 40

9

Peak age for type 1 diabetes

10-14 years

10

Peak age for type 2 diabetes

60-70 years

11

Body weight for type 1 diabetes

Usually thin

12

Body weight for type 2 diabetes

Usually overweight

13

Characteristic of symptoms for type 1 diabetes

Acute onset

14

Characteristic of symptoms for type 2 diabetes

Gradual onset

15

Cause of type 1 diabetes

Autoimmune beta cell destruction

16

Cause of type 2 diabetes

Decreased insulin secretion and/or decreased insulin sensitivity

17

Insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes

Mandatory

18

Insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes

May be required

19

Prevalence in type 1 diabetes

10% of cases

20

Prevalence in type 2 diabetes

90% of cases

21

Where is glucose produced and delivered as glycogen?

Liver

22

Where can glucose be also stored?

As fat in adipose tissue

23

Symptoms of hyperglycemia

Weakness
Malaise
Visual changes
Polyuria
Polydipsia (thirst)
Polyphagia (hunger)
Weigh loss

24

What lowers blood glucose levels?

Insulin
Accredits
Moderate alcohol intake

25

What increases blood glucose levels

Food intake
Stress