Flashcards in What is Diabetes? Deck (26):
3 main characteristics of Type 1 diabetes
• Due to beta cell destruction (no insulin)
• usually effect patients before age 40
• depends in insulin treatment for survival
4 main characteristics of Type 2 diabetes
Beta cells' inability to produce enough insulin
Typically develops in Pts over 40
Treated with OADs - may require inulin treatment
Plasma glucose levels higher than normal (110-126) but lower than those considered diagnostic for diabetes mellitus
3 similarities in Type 1 and 2 diabetes
• high blood glucose
• abnormal lipid cells
• long-term complications
What are the two long-term complications for type 1 and 2 diabetes?
What does Microvascular complications effect?
Small blood vessels
What do Macrovascular complications affect?
Large blood vessels
Age of onset for type 1 diabetes
Usually under 40
Age of onset for type 2 diabetes
Usually over 40
Peak age for type 1 diabetes
Peak age for type 2 diabetes
Body weight for type 1 diabetes
Body weight for type 2 diabetes
Characteristic of symptoms for type 1 diabetes
Characteristic of symptoms for type 2 diabetes
Cause of type 1 diabetes
Autoimmune beta cell destruction
Cause of type 2 diabetes
Decreased insulin secretion and/or decreased insulin sensitivity
Insulin therapy for type 1 diabetes
Insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes
May be required
Prevalence in type 1 diabetes
10% of cases
Prevalence in type 2 diabetes
90% of cases
Where is glucose produced and delivered as glycogen?
Where can glucose be also stored?
As fat in adipose tissue
Symptoms of hyperglycemia
What lowers blood glucose levels?
Moderate alcohol intake