STDs Flashcards Preview

old Sophomore cards > STDs > Flashcards

Flashcards in STDs Deck (54):
0

This infection is one if the most common ones, is asymptomatic in 75% of women and 50% of men

Chlamydia

1

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

Abnormal charge with odor, bleeding between periods, painful period, itching burning

2

Chlamydia symptoms on men

Clear or cloudy discharge, painful urination, burning and itching around penis, pain and swelling of testicles

3

How is chlamydia diagnosed?

Swab or urine sample

4

Treatment of chlamydia

Antibiotics of Zithromax or doxycycline,

5

What happens if chlamydia isn't treated in women?

Pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, premature births

6

What happens if chlamydia is not treated in men?

Nongonococcal urethritis- infection of urethra

7

How does genital herpes affect a pregnant women and baby?

Could lead to miscarriage or premature birth. Can take antiviral meds from 36 weeks to delivery to avoid outbreak

8

How is genital herpes diagnosed?

Visual inspection, take sample of sore, blood test sometimes

9

Is there a cure or treatment for herpes?

No treatment to cure. But antivirals can prevent or shorten outbreaks

10

Most commonly sexually transmitted infection. More than 49 types

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

11

What are signs, symptoms of HPV

Most don't develop symptoms. 90% of cases the body's immune system clears up within 2 years

12

What can HPV lead to?

Genital warts, and cancer

13

Prevent HPV

Vaccines, gardasil and cervarix (women use both, men just gardasil)

14

STI caused by bacterium

Gonorrhea

15

The clap

Gonorrhea

16

What areas does the bacteria of gonorrhea like?

Warm, moist areas of reproductive tract including cervix, uterus, and Fallopian tubes, and urethra. Can also grow in mouth, throat, eyes, and anus

17

How common is gonorrhea?

Very common, annually 820,000 people in US get it.

18

How can gonorrhea be spread?

Sex, untreated mother to child

19

Symptoms of gonorrhea

Some dont have symptoms. Men have burning urination and discharge. Women have burning urination and vaginal discharge and bleeding

20

What can gonorrhea be mistaken for?

UTI

21

Complication of gonorrhea

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

22

How is gonorrhea diagnosed?

Urine test, swab

23

Treatment of gonorrhea?

Antibiotics

24

Signs of syphilis

Firm, round, small and painless sore on genitals, anus or mouth or rash on body

25

What is syphilis caused by?

Bacterium

26

How common is syphilis?

CDC estimates annually 55,400 in US

27

How do you get syphilis?

Direct contact with sores on genitals, vagina, anus, rectum. Pregnant women can pass it to unborn child

28

How quickly do symptoms appear after infection in syphilis?

Average time 21 days after infection. Range is 10-90 days

29

Primary stage of syphilis

Appearance of single sore. Can last 3-6 weeks.

30

Secondary phase of syphilis

Skin rashes and/or sores in mouth, vagina, or anus. Large raised, grey or white lesions may develop in warm moist areas.

31

Late and latent stage of syphilis

Begins when primary an secondary symptoms disappear. Can last for years. Damages internal organs.

32

Diagnose syphilis

Blood test most common, examine sore.

33

How is syphilis treated?

Antibiotics will cure it but not repair damage done

34

Common STD caused by infection with protozoan parasite

Trichomoniasis

35

Name of protozoan parasite

Trichomonas vaginalis

36

Symptom of trichomoniasis

Most often does not have symptoms. Women more likely to have them then men. Unusual genital discharge.

37

Most common curable STD

Trichononiasis

38

Trichomoniasis complications with pregnancy

Preterm delivery, low birth rate

39

How trichomoniasis is diagnosed

Lab tests

40

Treatment of trichomoniasis

Prescription drugs such as metronidazole and tinidazole

41

How many teens have STI?

1 in 4

42

Is chlamydia curable?

Yes

43

Us herpes curable?

No

44

Is HPV curable?

No

45

Disease of liver transmitted through blood and body fluids

Hep B

46

Is Hep B treated?

No treatment

47

Prevent Hep B

Abstinence, condoms, avoid contact with blood, get immunized

48

Caused by HIV

AIDS

49

Symptoms of AIDS

Weakness, weight loss, fever, sweating, swollen lymph nodes, white spots on throat,

50

Is there a cure for HIV?

No

51

Lice in pubic hair

Pubic lice (crabs)

52

How do u treat pubic lice?

Meds, clean bedding and clothing

53

.

.