Flashcards in STDs Deck (54):
This infection is one if the most common ones, is asymptomatic in 75% of women and 50% of men
Symptoms of chlamydia in women
Abnormal charge with odor, bleeding between periods, painful period, itching burning
Chlamydia symptoms on men
Clear or cloudy discharge, painful urination, burning and itching around penis, pain and swelling of testicles
How is chlamydia diagnosed?
Swab or urine sample
Treatment of chlamydia
Antibiotics of Zithromax or doxycycline,
What happens if chlamydia isn't treated in women?
Pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, premature births
What happens if chlamydia is not treated in men?
Nongonococcal urethritis- infection of urethra
How does genital herpes affect a pregnant women and baby?
Could lead to miscarriage or premature birth. Can take antiviral meds from 36 weeks to delivery to avoid outbreak
How is genital herpes diagnosed?
Visual inspection, take sample of sore, blood test sometimes
Is there a cure or treatment for herpes?
No treatment to cure. But antivirals can prevent or shorten outbreaks
Most commonly sexually transmitted infection. More than 49 types
Human papillomavirus (HPV)
What are signs, symptoms of HPV
Most don't develop symptoms. 90% of cases the body's immune system clears up within 2 years
What can HPV lead to?
Genital warts, and cancer
Vaccines, gardasil and cervarix (women use both, men just gardasil)
STI caused by bacterium
What areas does the bacteria of gonorrhea like?
Warm, moist areas of reproductive tract including cervix, uterus, and Fallopian tubes, and urethra. Can also grow in mouth, throat, eyes, and anus
How common is gonorrhea?
Very common, annually 820,000 people in US get it.
How can gonorrhea be spread?
Sex, untreated mother to child
Symptoms of gonorrhea
Some dont have symptoms. Men have burning urination and discharge. Women have burning urination and vaginal discharge and bleeding
What can gonorrhea be mistaken for?
Complication of gonorrhea
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
How is gonorrhea diagnosed?
Urine test, swab
Treatment of gonorrhea?
Signs of syphilis
Firm, round, small and painless sore on genitals, anus or mouth or rash on body
What is syphilis caused by?
How common is syphilis?
CDC estimates annually 55,400 in US
How do you get syphilis?
Direct contact with sores on genitals, vagina, anus, rectum. Pregnant women can pass it to unborn child
How quickly do symptoms appear after infection in syphilis?
Average time 21 days after infection. Range is 10-90 days
Primary stage of syphilis
Appearance of single sore. Can last 3-6 weeks.
Secondary phase of syphilis
Skin rashes and/or sores in mouth, vagina, or anus. Large raised, grey or white lesions may develop in warm moist areas.
Late and latent stage of syphilis
Begins when primary an secondary symptoms disappear. Can last for years. Damages internal organs.
Blood test most common, examine sore.
How is syphilis treated?
Antibiotics will cure it but not repair damage done
Common STD caused by infection with protozoan parasite
Name of protozoan parasite
Symptom of trichomoniasis
Most often does not have symptoms. Women more likely to have them then men. Unusual genital discharge.
Most common curable STD
Trichomoniasis complications with pregnancy
Preterm delivery, low birth rate
How trichomoniasis is diagnosed
Treatment of trichomoniasis
Prescription drugs such as metronidazole and tinidazole
How many teens have STI?
1 in 4
Is chlamydia curable?
Us herpes curable?
Is HPV curable?
Disease of liver transmitted through blood and body fluids
Is Hep B treated?
Prevent Hep B
Abstinence, condoms, avoid contact with blood, get immunized
Caused by HIV
Symptoms of AIDS
Weakness, weight loss, fever, sweating, swollen lymph nodes, white spots on throat,
Is there a cure for HIV?
Lice in pubic hair
Pubic lice (crabs)
How do u treat pubic lice?
Meds, clean bedding and clothing