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Flashcards in STDs Deck (54)
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This infection is one if the most common ones, is asymptomatic in 75% of women and 50% of men

Chlamydia

1

Symptoms of chlamydia in women

Abnormal charge with odor, bleeding between periods, painful period, itching burning

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Chlamydia symptoms on men

Clear or cloudy discharge, painful urination, burning and itching around penis, pain and swelling of testicles

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How is chlamydia diagnosed?

Swab or urine sample

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Treatment of chlamydia

Antibiotics of Zithromax or doxycycline,

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What happens if chlamydia isn't treated in women?

Pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, premature births

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What happens if chlamydia is not treated in men?

Nongonococcal urethritis- infection of urethra

7

How does genital herpes affect a pregnant women and baby?

Could lead to miscarriage or premature birth. Can take antiviral meds from 36 weeks to delivery to avoid outbreak

8

How is genital herpes diagnosed?

Visual inspection, take sample of sore, blood test sometimes

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Is there a cure or treatment for herpes?

No treatment to cure. But antivirals can prevent or shorten outbreaks

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Most commonly sexually transmitted infection. More than 49 types

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

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What are signs, symptoms of HPV

Most don't develop symptoms. 90% of cases the body's immune system clears up within 2 years

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What can HPV lead to?

Genital warts, and cancer

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Prevent HPV

Vaccines, gardasil and cervarix (women use both, men just gardasil)

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STI caused by bacterium

Gonorrhea

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The clap

Gonorrhea

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What areas does the bacteria of gonorrhea like?

Warm, moist areas of reproductive tract including cervix, uterus, and Fallopian tubes, and urethra. Can also grow in mouth, throat, eyes, and anus

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How common is gonorrhea?

Very common, annually 820,000 people in US get it.

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How can gonorrhea be spread?

Sex, untreated mother to child

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Symptoms of gonorrhea

Some dont have symptoms. Men have burning urination and discharge. Women have burning urination and vaginal discharge and bleeding

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What can gonorrhea be mistaken for?

UTI

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Complication of gonorrhea

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

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How is gonorrhea diagnosed?

Urine test, swab

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Treatment of gonorrhea?

Antibiotics

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Signs of syphilis

Firm, round, small and painless sore on genitals, anus or mouth or rash on body

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What is syphilis caused by?

Bacterium

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How common is syphilis?

CDC estimates annually 55,400 in US

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How do you get syphilis?

Direct contact with sores on genitals, vagina, anus, rectum. Pregnant women can pass it to unborn child

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How quickly do symptoms appear after infection in syphilis?

Average time 21 days after infection. Range is 10-90 days

29

Primary stage of syphilis

Appearance of single sore. Can last 3-6 weeks.