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Flashcards in Adaptation to Pregnancy for Concepts Deck (92)
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Weight increase for uterus in pregnancy

From 2 oz. to 2.2 lbs.

1

What is the capacity increase of the uterus?

10 mL to 5 L

2

What happens to the uterine wall in the first half of pregnancy?

Thickens

3

What causes the uterine wall to thicken?

Estrogen

4

When do you start experiencing Braxton-Hicks?

4 months on

5

What happens to the mucous lining of the cervix?

It thickens

6

Proliferation of glands near the external os

Mucous plug

7

What happens to the cervix during pregnancy?

Shorter, softer, more elastic, and larger in diameter

8

What causes the cervix to become shorter, softer, more elastic and larger in diameter?

Estrogen

9

What sign is it when cervix becomes bluish in color because of an increase blood supply?

Chadwick's

10

Lump or softening of uterus probably where the implantation occurred

Hegar's sign

11

What causes mucosa to thicken and connective tissue to loosen in the vagina?

Progesterone

12

What happens to the pH in the vagina and why?

More acidic to decrease growth of bacteria

13

What produces milk?

Acini

14

What hormone tells the breasts to make milk?

hPL

15

Breasts grow because of...

Estrogen

16

Glands of the breasts are changed by...

Progesterone

17

First milk but not true milk

Colostrum

18

When do you start to make colostrum?

By the third month

19

Secrete lubricant to keep nipple supple for baby

Montgomery tubercles

20

What happens to oxygen consumption?

Goes up 15%

21

What happens to airway resistance?

It is lowered

22

Switch from abdominal to what kind of breathing?

Thoracic

23

Mucous lining of the nose thickens causing?

Nasal stuffiness

24

What happens to the blood volume in pregnancy?

Increases 30-50% (hypervolemic)

25

What is the RBC range?

38-42%

26

What do RBC have to drop below to be truly anemic?

34%

27

What is the hemoglobin cut off to true anemia?

11 mg/dL

28

What hormone maintains pregnancy?

Progesterone

29

What hormone makes things grow?

Estrogen