Important Roots Prefixes Suffixes Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Important Roots Prefixes Suffixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Important Roots Prefixes Suffixes Deck (71)
1

aer-, aeros

air: aerobic metabolism

2

arter-, arteria

artery: arterial

3

bio, bios

life: biology

4

-blast, blastos

germ: osteoblast

5

bronch-, bronchus

windpipe, airway: bronchial

6

cardi-, cardio-, -cardia, kardia

heart: cardiac, cardiopulmonary

7

cerebr-, cerebrum

brain: cerebral

8

cervic-, cervicis

neck: cervical vertebrae

9

chondro-, chondros

cartilage: chondrocyte

10

cranio-, cranium

skull: craniosacral

11

cyt-, cyto-, kytos

hollow cell: cytology, cytokine

12

derm-, derma

skin: dermatome

13

end-, endo-, endon

within: endergonic

14

epi-

on: epimysium

15

hemo-, haima

blood: hemopoiesis

16

hemi-

one-half: hemisphere

17

histo-, histos

tissue: histology

18

hyper-

above: hyperpolarization

19

hypo-

under: hypothyroid

20

inter-

between: interventricular

21

iso-

equal: isotonic

22

leuk-, leuko-, leukos

white: leukemia, leukocyte

23

lyso-, -lysis, -lyze

a loosening: hydrolysis

24

myo-, mys

muscle: myofi lament

25

nephr-, nephros

kidney: nephron

26

neur-, neuri-, neuro-

neuron, nerve: neural

27

-ology, logos

the study of: physiology

28

ost-, oste-, osteo,

bone: osteal, ostealgia

29

oto-, otikos

ear: otolith

30

peri-

around: perineurium

31

phago-

to eat: phagocyte

32

photo-, phos

light: photalgia, photoreceptor

33

physio-, physis

nature: physiology

34

pre-, prae

before: precapillary sphincter

35

pulmo-

lung: pulmonary

36

retro-

backward: retroperitoneal

37

sarco-, sarkos

flesh: sarcomere

38

scler-, skleros

hard: sclera, sclerosis

39

sub-

below: subcutaneous

40

super-

above or beyond: superficial

41

vas-

vessel: vascular

42

Cephalon

Head

43

Cervicis

Neck

44

Thoracis

Thorax or Chest

45

Abdomen

Abs

46

Loin

Lower back

47

Pubis

Anterior pelvis

48

Axilla

Armpit

49

Brachium

Arm

50

Antebrachium

Forearm

51

Manus

Hand

52

Pes

Foot

53

Planta

Sole

54

ANTERIOR

Front surface

55

VENTRAL

Belly side

56

Posterior

Back surface

57

Cranial

Head

58

INFERIOR

Below

59

MEDIAL

Toward body's longitudinal axis

60

LATERAL

Away from body's longitudinal axis

61

PROXIMAL

Toward base

62

DISTAL

Away from base

63

SUPERFICIAL

At, near, close to body surface

64

DEEP

Far from body surface

65

Transverse Plane

Perpendicular to long axis

66

Sagittal Plane

Parallel to long axis

67

Transverse Section

Separates superior from inferior portions

68

Sagittal Section

Separates right and left

69

Midsagittal Section

Separates right and left along midline

70

Parasagittal Section

Separates right and left unequally

71

Coronal Section

Separates anterior and posterior