Flashcards in Indentured Servitude In The Atlantic World Deck (22)
What does indentured mean?
To bind( someone, such as an apprentice) by or as if by indentures (contract). Contract labour
What is the Iberian empires?
Basically Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas
Why was there a lack of labour in Iberian America?
Because of wars between indigenous people and conquistadors. Also, diseases that killed the local population
How many of 3.5 million total population in Brazil were Europeans 1820?
About 1 million
Who were the majority of European migrants in the 1600s?
English and Welsh
What kind of unwanted people in british society could be send to the colonies as a servant?
The poor, convicts, homeless, religious deviants etc.
Why was indentured servitude developed?
To increase labour migrarion from England to the Americas
Did indentured servants and African slaves work side by side on the plantations?
Yes, but it was "easier" for the white to be treated better
What would a indentured servant get from their master?
Free food, clothing, shelter and passage to the Americas. Some few might have gotten some limited pagment
How long did the contracts (indentures) usually last?
What happened when the contract was concluded?
The person is set free. He/she might recieve a small land or some money and or sugar
Was the servants protected by the law?
In a way, yes. They could complain to the General Assembly
What happened if a servant broke a contract?
They could have their contract extended or worse, they could be sentenced to capital punishment
Where the servants allowed to marry?
When did indentured servitude end?
Where did most of male servants end up?
Jamaica. Also, many arrived at Barbados in 1650s. Chesapeake was the most important access point to Virginia and the U.S
Where did men and women usually end up as indentured servants?
Men = more often the West Indies
Women = more often mainland America
Why did registration of servants usually occur close to departure?
Merchants were responsible for maintenance of the servants between registration and departure. The longer the wait, the more likely a servant would rething the decision
When was the highest numbers of servants each year in Chesapeake, and why?
Around July until November. That's because Merchants wanted their ships to pick up seasonal tobacco. Later ships hoped to pick up tobacco cheaper as they where unpacked and unready during high season. Also, planters preferred to have their servants come after the hazardous summer
Why did kids become indentured servants?
Parents bad economy, parents sending them away as a punishment or because of them being "bastards" and some were homeless kids
Who wrote "White servitude in colonial America" and what's it about?
David Galenson: it's about the life of white servants, their rights and places they ended up