Flashcards in Infectious neurogical disease of the upper brain in cattle Deck (46)
In the case of a botulism outbreak, whaat do you need to do?
type the botulism, get antisera
What does botulism look like?
When can hypokalemia occur in cattle?
When farmers give corticosteroids after calving to prevent nervous ketosis. But also mimics aldosterone (mineralocorticoids) and kidneys retain sodium and get rid of potassium
Why might a vet get called out for lightening strike?
because may be covered under insurance. very hard to diagnose. only thing you can do is look on head or back through hide may find a burn mark or may find a burn mark at the bottom of when of the legs--grounded
Can also skin hide off--hemorrhagic area
Why can you get cattle electrocution?
wonky wiring, stray voltage
What are signs of heritable disorders in cattle?
typically born normal with onset of clinical signs at a specific age
What is BSE?
progressive death of braincells in cattle
What is a prion disease?
a group of related diseases (TSEs) characterized by specific damage t the brain
long incubation period
What are examples of prion disease?
2. CWD--elk, deer
4. CJD--humans (creutzfeld jacob dz--multiple diseases)
What are types of creutzfeld jacob diz?
1 random--older people
2. inherited (FFI, GSS)
3. Kuru--papua new guinea
What are prions?
proteinaceous unfectious particle
natural uninfectious prion protein found in cells of normal animals
infectious prion folded in abnormal shape
change in shape makes it very stable
What is the pathogenesis of prion dz?
makes its way to brain
the infectious prion slowly changes normal prion into infectious prion. they bind together to form microscopic fibers
How do you diagnose BSE?
monoclonal antibody most common
break down the brain and have all protein break down and then look for prion (survives process)--faster
What do you need for diagnosis?
back of foramen magnum
What does BSE look like?
three key groups of signs
3. problems walking (eventually become
excessive muzzle licking
don't like steps or doorways