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Sociology A2 > Interactionism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Interactionism Deck (16):
1

How and why do certain acts become deviant?

Becker - criminals are not evil, they enage in acts that have criminal status bu the criminal system or society
Eg. Low income area = delinquency=arrests

2

what happens when it becomes known that a person committees deviant acts?

They become segregated, and become associated with other outsiders
= more and more labels so they continue to engage in criminal behaviour - as society expects.
MASTER CLASS HAS BEEN CREATED

3

What is a master status?

When the person sees themselves as their given label

4

what are moral entrepreneurs?

Lead moral crusades to change the law, to benefit those who it is applied to
Example;

Us Federal Bureau campaigned successfully to outlaw cannabis
Because; 1⃣ it creates outsiders
2⃣social control agencies increase the label = more deviance

5

What do moral entrepreneurs show?

That deviance is socially constructed

6

What are the evaluation points for "How and why do certain acts become deviant?"

✔️ good alternative, highlights subjective nature& how certian groups decide what is deviant
✔️ shows how we can treat offenders differently to aviod the self-fulfilling prophecy
❌ does not explain why people are being deviant in the first place eg Katz
❌ Ackers - individuals may do it as a rational choice
✔️ bernburg and krohn - explains why people get involved with more serious crime

7

Who gets labeled?

Whether a person is arrested, charged and convicted it depends on;
1⃣ individual interaction with agencies
2⃣ background and appearance
3⃣ situations and circumstances of offence

8

Who talks about the typical criminal?

Cicourel;

Police see activities of young lower class men from ethnic groups as suspicious = more likely to be arrest
Middle class are more like to be cautioned and released
➡️ they do not fit stereotype & negotiate justice

9

What do they say firstly?

No act is inherently criminal or deviant in itself, at all times in all institutions - acts become criminal when labeled to be

10

What are the evaultion points for "who gets labelled?"

✔️ marxist - work on selective law enforcement shows the middle class are cautioned & released
✔️ solutions - police training
❌ new right &I functionalist ;
Excusing criminals, statistics show low socio-economic groups and ethnic minorities do commit more crime

11

What are the effects of labelling?

Lemert - societal reaction
➡️primary deviance, deviant act before publicly labelled. Acts that are not organising "moment of madness"
➡️secondary deviance, publicly labeled. Being caught = marginalisation
Given negative master status = criminal career

12

What did jock yoing find about cannabis?

secondary deviance developed.
1⃣ police labeled hippies as lazy drug addicts = acted against them
2⃣ weed units them further
3⃣ Subcultural group = more deviant norms and values
🍅 label has created greater deviance

13

What are the evaluation points for the effects of labelling?

✔️ shows the power of labels
✔️ shows why people with a criminal master status feels like there is nothing to gain from stopping
❌ deterministic- Fuller, black girls can reject the label and still achieve in education

14

What did Jones find about the criminal justice policy?

Policy implications;
1⃣ decriminalising behaviour eg in Holland legalising cannabis
2⃣ law should not create a master state, use prison as the last resort

15

Who talks about positive labelling?

Braithwaite - disintegrative shaming is being excluded from society for deviant acts = NEGATIVE

Reintegrative shaming when we label the act but not the person = POSITIVE
➡️😊 avoids criminal master status

16

Evaluation points for "criminal justice policy"

✔️ reintegrative shaming is found in Scandinavian countries
✔️ functionalist, gives boundary maintenance
❌ new right - decriminalising acts is playing into the hands of the underclass, too sympathetic