Intro to Multiple-Casualty Accidents, the Incident Command System, and Triage Chapter 26 Flashcards Preview

EMR - First on Scene - 9th Edition La Baudour - Bergeron > Intro to Multiple-Casualty Accidents, the Incident Command System, and Triage Chapter 26 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Intro to Multiple-Casualty Accidents, the Incident Command System, and Triage Chapter 26 Deck (27):
0

A multiple casualty incident (MCI) involves _____ victims.
A. More than 1
B. More than 2
C. Fewer than 10
D. Fewer than 100

A. More than 1

1

An incident management system is a tool for the command, control, and _______ of resources at the scene of a large-scale emergency involving multiple agencies.
A. Constant monitoring
B. Care of victims
C. Coordination
D. Concerns of safety

C. Coordination

2

The triage system was developed to assist in determining those victims needing:
A. Standard care
B. Immediate transport
C. Immediate care
D. Long-term-care

C. Immediate care

3

Triage is a process of sorting patients into categories and prioritizing their medical care & transport based on:
A. Number of injuries & medical conditions
B. Age, weight, and height of the patient
C. Proximity to the mechanism of injury
D. Severity of injuries & medical conditions

D. Severity of injuries and medical conditions

4

During the triage process, patients will be placed into 1 of 4 categories – immediate, delayed:
A. Minor, or non-injury
B. Minor, or deceased
C. Noninjury, or deceased
D. Minor, or walking wounded

B. Minor, or deceased

5

In the START triage system, patients are categorized based on an assessment of respirations and:
A. Perfusion & mental status
B. Blood pressure & mental status
C. Perfusion and signs of shock
D. Signs of shock & mental status

A. Profusion & mental status

6

Patients may be classified as "walking wounded" if they are able to assist:
A. In the triage of other patients
B. With hazard control
C. With the simple care of patients
D. In the extrication of the victims

C. With the simple care of patients

7

The JumpSTART triage system was developed for:
A. Children age 12 months to the teenage years
B. Children aged 12 months to eight years of age
C. Adult patients younger than 50 years of age
D. Adult patients older than 50 years of age

B. Children aged 12 months to eight years of age

8

The JumpSTART triage assessment categories are:
A. The same as for the START triage system
B. Dependent on the age of the pediatric patient
C. Very different from the START triage system
D. Dependent on the injuries of the pediatric patient

A. The same as for the START triage system

9

When determining the order of care for victims of multiple casualty incidents, it is critical to consider the mechanism of injury and the findings from the:
A. Assessment of mental status
B. Primary assessment only
C. Primary & secondary assessments
D. Secondary assessment only

D. Secondary assessment only

10

What is triage and what is its goal?

Triage is the sorting of patients based on the severity of their injuries or illnesses. The goal of triage is to save as many patients as possible using the available resources.

11

What are the typical categories for triage systems?

1. Immediate-for the most critical but salvageable patients,
2. Delayed-for those less critical but still in need of care,
3. Minor-for those who are generally ambulatory at the scene, and
4. Deceased-for those who showed no signs of life.

12

What does START stand for?

Simple Triage And Rapid Treatment

13

What does the START system use to rapidly assess patients?

RPM
1. Respirations,
2. Perfusion, &
3. Mental status

14

What is the motto for triage treatment?

To do the best, for the most, using the least.

15

What is an MCI?

Multiple casualty incident

16

Who usually declares an incident an MCI incident?

The first responder

17

What is and ICS and what is it used for?

Incident command system
A model tool for the command, control, and coordination of resources at the scene of a large-scale emergency involving multiple agencies. Also known as incident management system.

18

Who is the person responsible for all aspects of the emergency response and establishes the structure and requests resources necessary for the event?

The incident commander

19

What is NIMS and what is it for?

National Incident Management System
A system that utilizes a unified approach to incident management and standard command and management structures, with an emphasis on preparedness, mutual aid, and resource management.

20

What are the three functional areas of triage?

1. Triage
2. Treatment
3. Transport

21

What does the triage group of the medical branch do as they are the first responders on the scene?

1. Determine the location of triage areas;
2. Conduct primary triage and ensure that all patients are assessed and sorted using the appropriate START triage protocol;
3. Communicate resource requirements with the medical group supervisor;
4. Communicate with the treatment group leader to allow for movement of patients into the treatment division for prehospital care by the members of the treatment group.

22

What are the colors and their meaning for the triage tag?

Immediate=Red
Delayed=Yellow
Minor=Green
Deceased=Black

23

When a patient is first identified and triaged, this is referred to as:

Primary triage

24

When a patient is relocated to a treatment area, they will immediately be re-triaged by the treatment team. This is referred to as:

Secondary triage

25

To assess the triage patient's mental status, see if they can follow _________ __________.

Simple commands, such as "open and close your eyes" or "squeeze my fingers"

26

How do you conduct RPM?

Ask the following: Can you walk If yes (minor), if no go on to breathing are they breathing yes check respirations per minute