Flashcards in Key Terms Deck (68):
Feelings of high or low self-worth.
The internal pressure one feels to behave as a peer group does, in order to gain its members' approval.
Repeated, systematic efforts to inflict harm through physical, verbal, or social attack on a weaker person.
The way you see your body.
Vygotsky's idea that learners should be given only just enough help so that they can reach the next level.
Industry vs. Inferiority
Erikson's stage between 6 and 11 years, when the child learns to be productive.
Identity vs. Role Confusion
Erikson's stage during which teenagers and young adults search for and become their true selves.
Learning by imitating others; copying behavior.
To swap ideas, use two approaches for concept when material is complex, different points of view.
Curriculum in which concepts and skills from various disciplines are combined and related.
Lessons that integrate, or bring together, more than one content area in a single lesson.
Separate part of the school, with its own staff; just for Freshmen.
Advising people with less experience.
Prewriting, drafting, conference, revising, editing, publishing.
A procedure where a word or words has/have been removed and the student must fill them in based on context clues.
Writing Across the Curriculum
Incorporating writing activities into science, social studies, math, and other subjects as appropriate.
Small groups of classmates work toward common goals.
A cooperative learning strategy: groups find different pieces of information, then come together to combine it.
Activating prior knowledge activity:
A cooperative learning method for mixed ability groups involving team recognition and group responsibility for individual learning.
Variables that can be: High-Tech. Low-Tech, and Social
Educational approach that provides a child with extra learning experiences that the standard curriculum would not normally include.
Classroom management technique: up and moving, eye contact, proximity, and overlapping.
A means of devising or creating multiple paths to achieve learning goals or objectives.
A visual aid to help organize information.
Learning target focused on the student and his or her performance.
A constructivist approach to teaching in which students are encouraged to discover principles for themselves.
Reflect, Revise, Re-Teach
Post teaching strategy to help fix problems and gain the best results for students.
Doing things for a purpose; teachers who use intentionality plan their actions based on the outcomes they want to achieve.
One's belief in his or her own ability. (Bandura)
Assessment used throughout teaching of a lesson and/or unit to gauge students' understanding and inform and guide teaching.
Evaluation at the conclusion of a unit.
Ongoing classroom activities focused on individual achievements.
The process of systematically gathering the same kind of information from every student.
Tasks that are suitable to a child given his/her age and interests.
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
The Individual Education Plan developed for each child eligible for special education, based on the child's unique needs.
All children must receive a free, appropriate public education at public expense. Principle of IDEA.
Least Restrictive Environment.
Theoretical perspective proposing that learners construct, rather than absorb, knowledge from their experiences.
Application of a skill learned in one situation to a different but similar situation.
The awareness of one's own cognitive process. (Thinking about thinking)
Zone of Proximal Development
In Vygotsky's theory, a range of tasks too difficult for a child to do alone but possible with the help of more-skilled partners.
A desire to perform a behavior for its own sake.
A desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment.
The extent to which people have the ability and willingness to accomplish a specific task.
Knowledge > Comprehension > Application > Analysis > Synthesis > Evaluation
A concept or framework that organizes and interprets information.
When one becomes dependant on others and beginning to think that you have no ability to do for yourself.
(Skinner) A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punishment.
Teacher-centered instruction which includes lecture, presentation, and recitation.
Explicit statements specifying what students are expected to learn.
A provocative question designed to engage student interest and guide inquiry into the important ideas in a field of study.
A process for designing a curriculum or unit by beginning with the end in mind and designing toward that end.
Scope and Sequence
Scope is what you are covering and sequence is when you are covering it.
The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to.
The extent to which a test yields consistent results.
Divide distribution of scores into 9 equal intervals (1=low, 9=high).
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954 - Ruled that racial segregation in public schools was not equal, so could not occur.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from birth to 2) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities.
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from 2 to 6 or 7) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic.
Concrete Operations Stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage (from 7-11) of cognitive development, in which adult-like logic appears but is limited to concrete reality.
Formal Operations Stage
In Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (ages 11 or 12 and beyond), which is characterized by the ability to apply logical thinking to abstract problems and hypothetical situations.
In the theories of Jean Piaget: Attaching old schema to a new object.
Awareness of what is happening in your classroom.
What students must know after a lesson.
A test that evaluates each individual relative to a normative group.