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Flashcards in Professionalism Deck (38):
1

public schools teach

promotion of democratic prinicples, teaching of common values, and educating a diverse culture of global society

2

attributes of reflective practicioners

admit when they don't know something, have a caring attitude, willingness to collaborate, critically analyze themselves, teacher/student viewing in reflective lens, demonstrate rational, careful thought to improve practices, be aware of own culture, values, and beliefs, think of diversity as positive, show persistence, have interpersonal communication skills, and value the importance of empowering learners

3

ways teachers can advocate for learners

professional developement, knowing the latest educational practices, attend meetings on students, open communications with all involved, modifying and accommodating learning practices

4

public law 94-142

Least restrictive enviornment

5

Massachusetts Law of Education 1642

parents were responsible for teaching their children to read and write

6

Massachusetts Law of Education 1647

communities must hire schoolmaster if there were more than 50 families in the area

7

Land Ordinance of 1785

helped to establish a way to fund public education

8

Northwest Ordinance of 1787

provided land in the Great Lakes and Ohio Valley regions. It was stated that religion, morality, and knowledge were necessary for a strong government. Federal Govt began to create public school systems and offered them to all children

9

Plessy vs. Ferguson

seperate railroad cars were constitutional (B and W)

10

Oregon School Case of 1925

Americanize schools by making 8-16 year olds attend public schools

11

Brown vs. Board of Education

May 17, 1954 US Supreme Court announced its decision that seperate educational facilities are unequal (The Little Rock Nine)

12

The Colonial Period (1600-1776)

Puritain Influence, Latin Grammar School, Establishment of Harvard College, Hornbooks, and New England Primer

13

Early National Period (1776-1840)

Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Noah Webster, Yales Report of 1828

14

Common School Period (1840-1880)

Common School, Horace Mann, Henry Barnard, Normal School, McGuffey Readers, Compulsory Education, Morrill Act of 1862, National Education Asssociation, and the Establishment of Kindergartens

15

Progressive Period (1880-1920)

Impact of Business and Industry on Ameircan Education, The Superintendent, The Principal, Division of Schools into Grades, The Cardinal Principles of Secondary Education, NEA Comittee of Ten, American Federation of Teachers, Manual Training Movement

16

Modern Period (1920-present)

John Dewey, Adult Education, Testing Movement, Sputnik, ESEA, A Nation at Risk, Goals 2000, No Child Left Behind

17

Promoting Partnership

respectful communication, shared decision-making, school as resources, teacher as a resource

18

Puritan Influence

formed the first Ameican schools in 1635; Roxbury Latin School, influenced by religion (if you couldn't read it was Satan's way of keeping you from Bible)

19

Latin Grammar School

originally designed for sons of upper classes who were destined to become leaders in the church, state, or judicial system (no girls allowed). Prepared boys for Harvard test

20

Harvard College

1636...offered classic academic course of study

21

Hornbooks

wooden paddle, parchment with the lesson, cover for the lesson made of transparent horn (alphabet, Lord's Prayer, vowels, and consonant patterns)

22

New England Primer

textbook used by students (first in 1690) alphabet study with Bible verses

23

Ben Franklin

wanted English taught rather than Latin, study science and practical skills (never came about but he led the way)

24

Thomas Jefferson

3rd US prez; University of Virginia at Charlottesville 1825 (intro students to govt and equality) Allowed for electives

25

Noah Webster

1828 first dictionary

26

Yale report of 1828

the need for classical curriculum (wanted conservative plan) church over state; college over university, classical curriculum over electives

27

Common School

available to all people (social harmony)

28

Horace Mann

believed that common school would be great equalizer (father of American education) Secretary of Education 1839

29

Henry Barnard

advocate for common schools; women's education

30

normal school

1839 Lexington Massachusetts (purpose of training teachers) in the common schools

31

McGuffey Readers

1836 different level of readers; revised and added to over the years

32

Compusory Education Act of 1852

ages 8-14 to attend school for three months and 6 weeks consecutively (penalty was $20) later changed to 8-12 and increased to 20 weeks

33

Morrill Act of 1862

estblished institutions to provide education in agriculture, home economics, mechanical art, and other practical professions (all social classes)

34

NEA

1857 and founded by 43 educators in Philly (organization to promote teachers)

35

Friedrich Froebel

father of kindergarten 1837 (importance of play)

36

superintendent

Horace Mann (Industrial Revelution terminology)

37

Division of Schools into grades

6-8 and 9-14

38

Cardinal Principles of Secondary Eduaction 1918

Health, writing, reading, oral and wrotten expression, mathematics, worthy home membership, vocation, civic education, worthy use of leisure times, ethical behavior