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Flashcards in Teacher Professionalism Deck (50):
1

School in Society

reflects the society and socializes students

5

School as a Society

consists of a complex interrelationship of teachers, students, administrators, parents, and others

8

Who's in Charge of Education

The Constitution of the United States does not assign the responsibility for education to the federal government, leaving the responsibility to each state.

9

state board or commission

responsible for the operation of the schools

10

state commissioner

reports to the state board; oversees a state education department

11

state education department

responsible for the state's daily responsibility of the schools

12

state government

consists of the governor, the legislature, and the courts have the ultimate responsibility for public education

13

Building principals

Reports to the superintendent and are responsible for the daily operations of their school building

14

Teachers

responsible for teaching their students and carrying out district and state education policies

15

Schools (law)

may not discriminate against students, teachers, or others because of their race, sex, ethnicity, or religion

19

Teachers (law)

do not have to provide information unrelated to employment on an employment form or to an interviewer

28

Students (law)

Handicapped students ages 3-21 are entitled to a free and appropriate public education as a matter of federal law

32

1st Formal Education

began about 2000 B.C. in northern Africa and China

35

Three Philosopher-intellects

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle

36

Socrates

developed the Socratic or inquiry method of teaching

37

Plato

believed that education should help a person fully develop body and soul

39

Aristotle

introduced a scientific and practical approach to education

41

Formal Roman Education

began about 50 B.C. after Rome conquered Greece

43

Quintilian

wrote a series of 12 books around 70 A.D. that described current and preferred Roman educational practices

44

Dark Ages

400 to 1000 A.D.

46

St. Thomas Aquinas

one of the religious leaders that led the revival of learning

48

Renaissance and the Reformation

1300 to 1700 A.D.

51

Jean Jacques Rousseau

wrote Emile in 1762, held a positive view of children and believed that education should be a natural process

52

Pestalozzi

established schools that incorporated methods that enabled students to develop concepts through manipulative materials

53

Herbert

Pestalozzi's student

57

Froebel

influenced by Rousseau and Pestalozzi

59

kindergarten

child's garden

60

American Education

1600s, children educated at home by their parents

61

Dame schools

began in the east

63

Secondary education

Latin grammer schools, provided a classical education

64

education laws

introduced in the mid-1600s in Massachusetts

65

Private schools

limited to those who could afford to pay

66

rural America

not enough students enrolled; area schooling provided by tutors through 1700s and by itinerant teachers through the 1900s

67

English grammar schools

began as secondary school in 1700s

69

Common schools

provided free, public education for all students beginning in the 1800s

72

Horn books

the alphabet covered by a transparent horn

74

New England primer

1st substantial text and was used as a reading text until the late 1700s

75

American spelling book

written by Noah Webster

79

McGuffy's readers

reading books geared for different grade levels

81

American schools

based upon teachings of Pestalozzi and Herbart

82

Maria Montessori

established her school, Casa Bambini, in 1908

84

John Dewey

established the first "progressive" school in the 1900s

85

progressive education movement

sought to build a curriculum around the child rather than around the subject matter

88

essentialist movement

teacher-centered classroom

91

federal government

-took a more active role in the schools since the Depression of the 1930s

94

Public Law 94-142/99-457

federal government's first direct intervention in school instruction

96

Public Law 98-199

mandates transitional services for high school students

98

Bruner/Process of Education

urged student's active involvement in the learning process.

101

Skinner/behaviorism

Skinner thought learning material should be broken down into small manageable steps; students taught step by step and rewarded for success

103

Piaget

posited that students go through stages as they develop concepts: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational