Languedoc/Roussillon and Provence Flashcards
Learn the geography, grape varieties, climate, soil, wine styles, and producers of Languedoc Roussillon, and Provence.
What is the climate of the majority of Southern France?
What is the greatest climatic challenge Southern France faces?
Low rainfall in this warm, dry climate of Southern France can lead to drought, although the area experiences less pressure from fungal disease.
The rosé wines of Provence are typically made using what method?
What are some of the major red/black grape varieties used in Provence?
- Mourvèdre (predominant)
What are some of the major white grape varieties used in southern France?
Which two are the most planted?
- Sauvignon Blanc
- Grenache Blanc
What is the largest appellation in Provence?
Côtes de Provence AOP
The Côtes de Provence AOP is the largest appellation both in terms of production and geographic size.
What is the primary red/black grape of the Bandol AOP?
Mourvèdre’s small berries and thick skins give Bandol AOP wines intense color and high tannins.
Mourvèdre is widely planted in Bandol because of the region’s south-facing slopes. This aspect gives the grapes enough warmth and sun exposure to fully ripen to produce dark, full-bodied red wines.
What is unique about the phylloxera crisis of the late 1800s in the Languedoc region?
Languedoc was the first region in France replanted with American rootstocks and thus was the first region to be rebuilt after the phylloxera crisis.
Picpoul de Pinet AOP:
- What is the grape?
- Quickly describe it.
- Grape: Piquepoul
- Piquepoul makes wines naturally high in acidity with citrus notes and green fruit flavors.
Minervois AOP is known for making what color wines based on what grape variety?
Red blends based on Syrah.
Which subregion of Minervois is considered to produce the best wines of the appellation?
The wines from this subregion are considered so good, Minervois-La Livinière has its own AOP.
Is Minervois on the coast or is it inland?
How does its location affect the wines made there?
Wines made in Minervois vary in quality due to how the AOP is situated: on slopes of the Massif Central, which means there is altitude variation, exposure differences, and soil composition differences.
Corbières AOP wines are mainly made from what grape variety?
Which AOP of the Languedoc is the largest geographically?
At 13,500 hectares (33,000 acres) Corbières is the fourth largest AOP in France by total area.
Corbières is subdivided into 11 subregions. Which is considered the best subregion?
Boutenac, which is its own AOP.