What general things should be evaluated in an oral PE?
External facial structures, occlusion, dentition, internal oral structures
What external facial features should be evaluated?
Drooping, facial asymmetry
What should be evaluated when looking at occlusion?
What should be evaluated when looking at dentition?
Discolored, fractured, mobile teeth
What internal structures should be evaluated?
Tongue, tonsils, salivary glands, gag
What does a normal occlusion look like?
1. Midline match
2. Incisors overlap
3. Canines interlock
4. Premolar interdigitation
5. Carnassial overlap
What dental structures are above the gumline?
Crown (enamel, dentin, pulp)
What is the sulcus?
Space between the gingiva and the enamel of the tooth
What structures are below the gumline?
Root (periodontal ligament, cementum, pulp), alveolar bone
What is the adult canine dental formula?
What is the adult feline dental formula?
What teeth type have continuous eruption for life and how long does this last?
Hypsodont; 25-30 years
How fast do hyspdont teeth erupt?
3-4 mm per year
How does the hysodont reserve crown compare to the visible crown?
reserve > visible
What type of jaw conformation do horses have and what does this mean?
Anisognathic = maxilla wider than mandible
Sideways chewing fashion of horses allows for _____ and results in tooth wear that is _____.
grinding, not even
What is the system we use to name teeth and how does it work?
Modified triadan system - 3 number system
upper right = 100
upper left = 200
lower left = 300
lower right = 400
T/F: Absent teeth retain their number in the mouth
What numbers are assigned to deciduous teeth?
Upper right = 500
Upper left = 600
Lower left = 700
Lower right = 800
How many deciduous teeth do equines have?
How many deciduous incisors and molars per arcade do horses have?
How many permanent teeth do male horses have? Females?
Males = 40-44
Females = 36-44
What permanent teeth do male horses have per arcade?
+/- wolf teeth
How many permanent teeth do female horses have per arcade?
+/- wolf teeth
What is a routine dental procedure done in horses?
Floating (can be done by hand or with power tools)
What is a 0 on the gingival index?
What is a 1 on the gingival index?
Mild swelling, some color change
What is a 2 on the gingival index?
Moderate swelling, inflammation on gingiva
What is a 3 on the gingival index?
Marked swelling and inflammation, spontaneous bleeding
What is a 0 on the calculus index?