Lecture 20 - Oral Exam & Dental Basics Flashcards Preview

Intro to Surgery > Lecture 20 - Oral Exam & Dental Basics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lecture 20 - Oral Exam & Dental Basics Deck (52)
Loading flashcards...
1

What general things should be evaluated in an oral PE?

External facial structures, occlusion, dentition, internal oral structures

2

What external facial features should be evaluated?

Drooping, facial asymmetry

3

What should be evaluated when looking at occlusion?

TMJ, gingiva

4

What should be evaluated when looking at dentition?

Discolored, fractured, mobile teeth

5

What internal structures should be evaluated?

Tongue, tonsils, salivary glands, gag

6

What does a normal occlusion look like?

1. Midline match

2. Incisors overlap

3. Canines interlock

4. Premolar interdigitation

5. Carnassial overlap

7

What dental structures are above the gumline?

Crown (enamel, dentin, pulp)

8

What is the sulcus?

Space between the gingiva and the enamel of the tooth

9

What structures are below the gumline?

Root (periodontal ligament, cementum, pulp), alveolar bone

10

What is the adult canine dental formula?

3-1-4-2/3-1-4-3

11

What is the adult feline dental formula?

3-1-3-1/3-1-2-1

12

What teeth type have continuous eruption for life and how long does this last?

Hypsodont; 25-30 years

13

How fast do hyspdont teeth erupt?

3-4 mm per year

14

How does the hysodont reserve crown compare to the visible crown?

reserve > visible

15

What type of jaw conformation do horses have and what does this mean?

Anisognathic = maxilla wider than mandible

16

Sideways chewing fashion of horses allows for _____ and results in tooth wear that is _____.

grinding, not even

17

What is the system we use to name teeth and how does it work?

Modified triadan system - 3 number system

upper right = 100

upper left = 200

lower left = 300

lower right = 400

18

T/F: Absent teeth retain their number in the mouth

True

19

What numbers are assigned to deciduous teeth?

Upper right = 500

Upper left = 600

Lower left = 700

Lower right = 800

20

How many deciduous teeth do equines have?

24

21

How many deciduous incisors and molars per arcade do horses have?

3 each

22

How many permanent teeth do male horses have? Females?

Males = 40-44

Females = 36-44

23

What permanent teeth do male horses have per arcade?

3 incisors

1 canine

+/- wolf teeth

3 premolars

3 molars

 

24

How many permanent teeth do female horses have per arcade?

3 incisors

+/- canines

+/- wolf teeth

3 premolars

3 molars

25

What is a routine dental procedure done in horses?

Floating (can be done by hand or with power tools)

26

What is a 0 on the gingival index?

Normal gingiva

27

What is a 1 on the gingival index?

Mild swelling, some color change

28

What is a 2 on the gingival index?

Moderate swelling, inflammation on gingiva

29

What is a 3 on the gingival index?

Marked swelling and inflammation, spontaneous bleeding

30

What is a 0 on the calculus index?

No calculus