What is a lameness score of 0?
Lameness not perceptible under any circumstances
What is a lameness score of 1?
Lameness is difficult to observe and is not consistently apparent, regardless of circumstances
(e.g. under saddle, circling, inclines, hard surface, etc.)
What is a lameness score of 2?
Lameness is difficult to observe at a walk or when trotting in a straight line but consistently apparent under certain circumstances
(e.g. weight-carrying, circling, inclines, hard surface, etc.)
What is a lameness score of 3?
Lameness is consistently observable at a trot under all circumstances
What is a lameness score of 4?
Lameness is obvious at a walk
What is a lameness score of 5?
Lameness produces minimal weight bearing in motion and/or at rest or a complete inability to move.
What non-specialized equipment is used in equine rehab?
3. Lead rope
4. Saddle and tack
What specialized equipment is used in equine rehab?
3. Muscle Stim Units
4. Treadmill (land and water)
What injuries is rehab used for?
3. Tendon/ligament injuries and surgeries
5. Locking stifles
7. Facilitated ankylosis
What should we ask regarding history?
Injury type and length of time since it occurred
What should we ask regarding career goals of the horse?
Pasture pet, brood mare, hunter/jumper, pleasure class
What should we look for in a PE?
Muscle atrophy, tenderness to palpation
What two things should be evaluated in a PE?
Lameness and neuro status
Why is stall rest important?
1. Prevent further injury
2. Allow time to heal
3. Time off
(Need to keep horse occupied)
What types of superficial heating and cooling are used?
1. Ice baths
2. Game Ready
3. Oat bags/heat
4. Cold hosing
Cryotherapy utilizes what temps?
10-15 deg C
What does cryotherapy do in horses?
Produces peripheral vasoconstriction and decreased soft tissie perfusion, which can reduce edema formation and swelling at the site of tissue injury
Cooling helps increase _____ properties in ligaments and _____ muscle stiffness.
What are indications for cryotherapy?
1. Decrease soft tissue pain, swelling, inflammation
3. Not costly
4. Well tolerated
What are contraindications for cryotherapy?
1. Ice must be changed hourly
2. Can cause injury due to motor functions being impaired up to 30 minutes
How often is cryotherapy done?
15-20 minutes every 2-3 hours for the first 48 hours
What is cryotherapy primarily used for?
Heat therapy utilizes what temps?
40-45 deg C
What can happen in heat therapy that is over 45 deg C?
Tissue damage and thermal injury
What are indications for heat therapy?
1. Increases soft tissue extensibility
2. Decreased pain
What are contraindications for heat therapy?
1. Acute injuries
2. Hard to get deeper tissues
3. Difficult to maintain uniform heating to distal limbs
What are examples of heat therapy?
1. Hot packs/compresses
2. Circulating watm water heat wraps
3. Warm water hosing
4. Warm water baths
What are types of electrical therapies?
1. Therapeutic ultrasound
3. Low level laser therapy
What does therapeutic ultrasound do?
Uses microwave energy that therapeutically heats deep tissues
What are benefits of therapeutic ultrasound?
1. Improves pain, muscle strength
2. Reduces synovial thickness, inflammation, pain