Flashcards in Lecture 4 - Quantitative Scientific Method Deck (13)
What are the 2 types of data when conducting research?
What is Quantitative data?
What is Qualitative data?
Narrative, in-depth data
What is causation?
When one thing causes another thing to happen
What is correlation?
When 2 or more things appear to be related
Does correlations = causation?
No, a correlation doesn't always mean that one thing causes another
How strong is individual opinions and anecdotes?
A single persons experience or opinion does not provide an objective picture
How strong is observational research?
Scientists use these studies to identify correlations and develop hypotheses for further testing
How strong are RCT (randomised controlled trials)?
Studies can prove causation but keep in mind not to generalize too readily
How strong are systematic reviews and meta-alaysis?
It is the strongest
What are observational/epidemiological studies?
Examine groups of people for exposures
-possibility of hidden bias (could produce a false result)
What are Randomized trials?
Group of people further divided into a group that is getting treated/testing something to a control group
-Randomized control trials