Lecture 4 - Quantitative Scientific Method Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 4 - Quantitative Scientific Method Deck (13)
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1

What are the 2 types of data when conducting research?

Qualitative
Quantitative

2

What is Quantitative data?

Numerical data
Stated hypothesis

3

What is Qualitative data?

Narrative, in-depth data
Hypothesis-generating

4

What is causation?

When one thing causes another thing to happen

5

What is correlation?

When 2 or more things appear to be related

6

Does correlations = causation?

No, a correlation doesn't always mean that one thing causes another

7

How strong is individual opinions and anecdotes?

A single persons experience or opinion does not provide an objective picture

8

How strong is observational research?

Scientists use these studies to identify correlations and develop hypotheses for further testing

9

How strong are RCT (randomised controlled trials)?

Studies can prove causation but keep in mind not to generalize too readily

10

How strong are systematic reviews and meta-alaysis?

It is the strongest

11

What are observational/epidemiological studies?

Examine groups of people for exposures
-possibility of hidden bias (could produce a false result)

12

What are Randomized trials?

Group of people further divided into a group that is getting treated/testing something to a control group
-Randomized control trials

13

What are other things you have to consider when conducting research?

Controls (randomizations)
Sample size
Placebos (blinding)
Double blinding
Feeding vs. adding to a petri dish
Difference between species