Lecture 19 - Hunger and the Global Environment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Lecture 19 - Hunger and the Global Environment Deck (63)
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1

World wide how man people experience chronic hunger?

1/9
-1.5 billion people world wide

2

What is the number one predictor of food security and health?

Income

3

What are the things that work in synergy that contribute to hunger?

Poverty
Population Growth
Environment

4

What % of the worlds lands are degraded and who are affected by these lands?

24% of land is degraded
42% of the worlds poor people depend on this land for food and nutrition

5

What is a food system?

Spans the activities, people, and resources involved in getting food from field to plate

6

What does the food system intersects with?

Public Health
Equity
Environment

7

Do we produce enough food to feed everyone in the world? If yes, how many calories/person?

We produce enough food in the world for everyone to get 2800kcals/day

8

Why doesn't everyone get the same mount of cals per day?

Food inequalities
Inequitable
Politics
Social Injustice

9

What is the definition of food security?

When all people at all time have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life

10

What other aspects does food security encompass?

Related to the nature, quality and security of the food supple as well as issues of food access

11

What does mental health have an effect on?

Food choices and food security

12

What does food security mean?

-Have the food I need
-Have safe and healthy food
-Have the foods I like to eat and want to eat
-Protecting the water, land and people who grow and produce the food

13

What is food insecurity?

A state where nutritious food is
-unavilable or inaccessible
-where the supply is unstable
-ranging from the fear of not being able to provide or obtain food to hunger due to food shortages

14

How many people are food insecure in Canada?

1/8 households
-4 million people
-1.5 children

15

In Canada which households suffer from food insecurity?

Income
Cost of Food
Cost of non-food essentials, housing and transportation

16

What happens when household incomes declines or food prices rise?

More of their money must be spent by households on fixed costs of non-food essentials leaving less for food

17

How is food insecurity dynamic at the individual level?

Quantitative: Insufficient intake

Qualitative: Nutritional inadequacy

Psychological: Lack of choice, feelings of deprivation

Social: Disrupted eating patterns

18

How is food insecurity dynamic at the household level?

Quantitative: Food depletion

Qualitative: Unsuitable food

Psychological: Food anxiety

Social: Food acquisition in socially unacceptable ways

19

In a household that is food insecure, if there is food who is more likely to not eat?

The mother

20

In Canada what are the causes of hunger?

Food poverty
-not available and no funds
Threats to financial stability
-substance abuse, disabilities, unemployment, low paying jobs
Social Assistance
-70% of houses on social assistance are food insecure, 24% severely food insecure
Lack of resources

21

How do we measure food security?

Food Quantity
-insufficient intake
-insufficient or depleted food supply

Food Quality
-nutritionally inadequate
-use of food deemed unsuitable or of inferior quanlity
-monotonous or lack of variety

22

If there is a choice between food quality or quantity, which one is chosen over the other?

Quantity is moree often preserved at the expense of quality

23

Why is food security measured?

-Food insecurity is a problem in its own right

-Condition with consequences for the health and well-being of individuals and of society as whole

-Unequal distribution of food

-Nutritional implications

-Chronic disease prevention

24

Since nutritional implications is a reason to measure food security, what does this lead too?

Less varied diet

Lower consumption of Fruits and veggies

Micronutrient deficiencies and malnutrition

25

What chronic disease can arise from being food insecure?

Adult obesity
Type2 diabetes
Anemia
Poor Mental Health
Behavioural and Psychosocial problems (children)

26

Which nutrient deficiency is linked to child behavioural problems?

Fe (Iron)

27

What are the social implications of measuring food security?

Shapes and structures individuals behaviour and feeling about themselves

Health issues resulting from food insecurity can become productivity and performance issues on the job
-less able to obtain and maintain a job
-poor job performance
-job loss due to abensteeism, errors, productivity issues

28

What is the average income we start to see levels of food insecurity increase?

40k/year

29

What are risk factors of food insecurity?

Income Level
Cost of Food
Geographic Isolation
Food Literacy
At Risk Populations

30

Why is the cost of food a risk factor of food insecurity?

Lean meats, fish fruits and veggies are more expensive per calorie than processed foods