Flashcards in Lecture 19 - Hunger and the Global Environment Deck (63)
World wide how man people experience chronic hunger?
-1.5 billion people world wide
What is the number one predictor of food security and health?
What are the things that work in synergy that contribute to hunger?
What % of the worlds lands are degraded and who are affected by these lands?
24% of land is degraded
42% of the worlds poor people depend on this land for food and nutrition
What is a food system?
Spans the activities, people, and resources involved in getting food from field to plate
What does the food system intersects with?
Do we produce enough food to feed everyone in the world? If yes, how many calories/person?
We produce enough food in the world for everyone to get 2800kcals/day
Why doesn't everyone get the same mount of cals per day?
What is the definition of food security?
When all people at all time have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life
What other aspects does food security encompass?
Related to the nature, quality and security of the food supple as well as issues of food access
What does mental health have an effect on?
Food choices and food security
What does food security mean?
-Have the food I need
-Have safe and healthy food
-Have the foods I like to eat and want to eat
-Protecting the water, land and people who grow and produce the food
What is food insecurity?
A state where nutritious food is
-unavilable or inaccessible
-where the supply is unstable
-ranging from the fear of not being able to provide or obtain food to hunger due to food shortages
How many people are food insecure in Canada?
-4 million people
In Canada which households suffer from food insecurity?
Cost of Food
Cost of non-food essentials, housing and transportation
What happens when household incomes declines or food prices rise?
More of their money must be spent by households on fixed costs of non-food essentials leaving less for food
How is food insecurity dynamic at the individual level?
Quantitative: Insufficient intake
Qualitative: Nutritional inadequacy
Psychological: Lack of choice, feelings of deprivation
Social: Disrupted eating patterns
How is food insecurity dynamic at the household level?
Quantitative: Food depletion
Qualitative: Unsuitable food
Psychological: Food anxiety
Social: Food acquisition in socially unacceptable ways
In a household that is food insecure, if there is food who is more likely to not eat?
In Canada what are the causes of hunger?
-not available and no funds
Threats to financial stability
-substance abuse, disabilities, unemployment, low paying jobs
-70% of houses on social assistance are food insecure, 24% severely food insecure
Lack of resources
How do we measure food security?
-insufficient or depleted food supply
-use of food deemed unsuitable or of inferior quanlity
-monotonous or lack of variety
If there is a choice between food quality or quantity, which one is chosen over the other?
Quantity is moree often preserved at the expense of quality
Why is food security measured?
-Food insecurity is a problem in its own right
-Condition with consequences for the health and well-being of individuals and of society as whole
-Unequal distribution of food
-Chronic disease prevention
Since nutritional implications is a reason to measure food security, what does this lead too?
Less varied diet
Lower consumption of Fruits and veggies
Micronutrient deficiencies and malnutrition
What chronic disease can arise from being food insecure?
Poor Mental Health
Behavioural and Psychosocial problems (children)
Which nutrient deficiency is linked to child behavioural problems?
What are the social implications of measuring food security?
Shapes and structures individuals behaviour and feeling about themselves
Health issues resulting from food insecurity can become productivity and performance issues on the job
-less able to obtain and maintain a job
-poor job performance
-job loss due to abensteeism, errors, productivity issues
What is the average income we start to see levels of food insecurity increase?
What are risk factors of food insecurity?
Cost of Food
At Risk Populations