Learn the geography, grape varieties, climate, soil, wine styles, and producers of Loire Valley.
What is France’s longest river? In which direction does it flow?
The Loire River is France’s longest river.
It flows from east to west, emptying in the Atlantic Ocean.
From west to east, what are the 4 major regions of the Loire Valley?
- Central Vineyards
What is the IGP in the Loire that covers the entire region?
Val de Loire IGP
Crémant de Loire production primarily takes place in which Loire Valley subregion?
What grape is traditionally used?
Grape: Chenin Blanc
Fun Fact: Crémant de Loire is made using Traditional Method
How do the climates of Pays Nantais and Central Vineyards differ?
The climate in Nantais is Maritime.
The climate in Central Vineyards is Continental.
The Mauges Hills protect which region in the Loire Valley?
Which Loire region has pockets of stony soils and is warm and dry despite its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean?
Which Loire region, despite being further inland, has a cooler + wetter climate than Anjou?
(Hint: it also has a lot of clay soils)
What is a common weather threat in the Loire Valley?
High levels of rainfall, which makes fungal pressure high.
What are the benefits that vineyards gain from facing the Loire River?
The river will reflect light and warmth to vineyards facing it which help vineyards at this northerly latitude.
The vineyards in the Loire Valley with the most advantageous positions are:
- South facing (to maximize sun exposure)
- Mid-slope (for best drainage)
- Face the Loire River (reflected light and warmth)
What are the 4 predominant grape varieties of the Loire Valley and their areas of production?
- Melon de Bourgogne/Melon Blanc: Nantais
- Chenin Blanc: Anjou + Touraine
- Cabernet Franc: Anjou + Touraine
- Sauvignon Blanc: Central Vineyards + Touraine
Name some of the black grapes grown in the Loire Valley.
- Cabernet Franc
- Pinot Noir
What are the Loire Valley’s 4 most eminent appellations growing Sauvignon Blanc?
What are differences or similarities between Muscadet and Melon de Bourgogne/Melon Blanc?
Muscadet is an AOP in the Loire Valley that only makes dry white wines.
Melon de Bourgogne/Melon Blanc is the grape variety that goes into Muscadet AOP.
The grape Melon de Bourgogne can also be called ‘Muscadet’, just like the AOP.
In Muscadet, if a wine has been enriched then the maximum permitted alcohol level is _____%.
All wines from the appellations in Muscadet have:
a. Low alcohol
b. Medium alcohol
c. High alcohol
All wines from the appellations in Muscadet are:
What is a synonym for Melon de Bourgogne?
What does “Sur Lie” mean on a bottle of Muscadet Sèvre-et-Maine Sur Lie?
Sur Lie is a French word meaning “on the lees.”
- Must be aged on its fine lees until the spring the year following harvest;
- Lees give a bit of texture and a slight yeasty flavor to the wine.
The Nantais subregion produces mainly __(1)__ wine from the __(2)__ grape variety.
- Bone dry white wine
- Melon de Bourgogne grape variety
Melon de Bourgogne is also known as Melon Blanc
Wines from Rosé de Loire AOP are:
- dry, off-dry, or sweet?
- made from which grapes?
- mostly produced where?
- Always dry;
- A range of of grapes including Cab Sauvignon and/or Cab Franc;
- Mostly produced in Anjou.
Which is the predominant grape in Rosé d’Anjou?
It is usually blended with local grapes like Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon, Côt, Gamay, Pineau d’Aunis.