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Flashcards in Malnutrition Deck (6):
1

__% of all hospital patients have malnutrition

60%

2

protein-energy malnutrition (PEM)

deficiency of protein and food energy

world's most widespread malnutrition problem

includes marasmus and kwashiorkor

3

marasmus

disease related to PEM

severe prolonged deprivation or impaired absorption of protein, energy, vitamins, and minerals

4

kwashiorkor

disease related to PEM

sudden deprivation of protein

after illness/discontinuation of breast feeding

5

dysentry

infection of the GI tract caused by an amoeba or bacterium that gives rise to severe diarrhea

6

reasons for malnutrition

impaired intake or delivery of energy and nutrients to sm. intestine

mal-digestion

malabsorption

impaired metabolism

nutrient excretion

increased requirements