Sugar, Diabetes Flashcards Preview

Human Nutrition > Sugar, Diabetes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sugar, Diabetes Deck (18):
1

RDA sugar

11 tsp. a day

2

type 2 diabetes

more common type in which body cells resist insulin

causes nutrient deficiency

3

dental caries

cavities; gradual decay and disintegration of a tooth

4

1 tsp. of sugar has __g

4g

5

sugar kcal/gram

4kcal/gram

6

1 tsp. of sugar is equivalent to...

1 tsp. brown sugar

1 tsp. honey

1 tsp. maple sugar

1 tbsp. ketchup

45 ml (1.5 oz) of Coke

7

1 oz = __mL

30 mL

8

honey made of...

sucrose, fructose, glucose

9

types of alternative sweetener

sugar alcohol

nutritive sweetener

artificial/nonnutritive sweetener

10

sugar alcohol

taste like sugar and yield 2-3 kcal/g

mannitol, sorbitol, xylitol

11

nutritive sweetener

yield energy including both the sugars and sugar alcohols

12

artificial sweetener

noncarbohydrate, noncaloric, synthetic sweetening agents

aka. nonnutritive sweetener

13

ADI

acceptable daily intake

amount of a sweetener that you can safely consume over the day for a lifetime

100-fold safety factor

14

ADI of aspartame

50mg/kg

15

anaerobic

not requiring oxygen

may use strength, but doesn't work the heart and lungs hard

16

lactic acid

product of incomplete breakdown of glucose during anaerobic metabolism

when O2 becomes available, lactic acid can be broken down for energy or converted back to glucose

17

what affects glucose use during physical activity?

carb intake

intensity & duration of activity

degree of training

18

foods w/ high glycemic index

cornflakes

mashed potato

short-grain rice

waffles

watermelon

white bread