Water-Soluble Charts Flashcards Preview

Human Nutrition > Water-Soluble Charts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Water-Soluble Charts Deck (13):
1

thiamin

function: coenzyme for metabolism, normal appetite, nervous system

deficiency disease name/symptoms: Beriberi/edema, abnormal heart, weakness, difficulty walking, loss of reflexes, mental confusion, paralysis

found in: pork, bacon, ham, legumes, nuts

2

riboflavin

coenzyme for metabolism, vision, skin health

deficiency symptoms: cracks at corner of mouth, magenta tongue, light sensitivity, red corneas, greasy dermatitis

found in: milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, leafy greens, nutritional yeast

UV light/radiation destroys riboflavin

3

niacin function, deficiency name, sources

function: coenzyme for metabolism, skin health, nervous system, digestive system

deficiency name: Pellagra

found in: milk, eggs, all protein-containing food, nuts

4

niacin deficiency symptoms

swollen smooth red tongue, apathy, fatigue, memory loss, headache, flaky skin rash (sun)

4 D's: diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis, death

5

niacin toxicity

people supplement

niacin flush, diarrhea, heartburn, vomiting, fainting, dizziness, impaired glucose tolerance

4 D's: diarrhea, dementia, dermatitis, death

6

pantothenic acid

function: coenzyme for metabolism

deficiency: sensitive to insulin, burning feet, vomiting, insomnia, fatigue

found in: widespread in foods

7

biotin

function: coenzyme for metabolism, fat synthesis, amino acids, glycogen

deficiency: induced by feeding raw egg whites / abnormal heart action, loss of appetite, nausea, lethargy, rash, hair loss

found in: widespread in foods

synthesized by GI bacteria in gut

8

vitamin B6 function, deficiency, sources

function: coenzyme for amino acids, fatty acids, make RBC, tryptophan to niacin

deficiency: small cell anemia, muscle twitches, convulsions, sweat gland irritation, greasy dermatitis

found in: protein-containing foods, leafy greens, fruit, legumes

9

vitamin B6 toxicity

depression, fatigue, irritability, nerve damage, headaches

10

folate

function: coenzyme for new cell synthesis

deficiency: large cell anemia, frequent infection, smooth red tongue, depression, fainting, mental confusion

found in: leafy greens, legumes, seeds

CHECK folate/B12 together

11

vitamin B12

function: coenzyme for new cell synthesis, nerve cells

deficiency: large cell anemia, smooth tongue, fatigue/paralysis, hypersensitivity

found in: animal products

need highly acidic stomach to absorb

CHECK folate/B12 together

12

Vitamin C / ascorbic acid function, deficiency, sources

function: collagen synthesis, antihistamine, antioxidant, iron absorption

deficiency: scurvy / anemia, pinpoint hemorrhage, infections, bleeding gums, hysteria, joint pain, rough skin, wounds don't heal

found in: citrus fruit, dark greens, mango, papaya, cantaloupe

13

vitamin C / ascorbic acid toxicity

nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, excessive urination, fatigue, insomnia