MedTerm - module 11 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 11 Deck (112)
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1

digestive tract or (2 other names)

alimentary tract
Gastrointestinal tract

2

digestion

mechanical and chemical breakdown of food for use by the body

3

stomat/o, or/o

mouth

4

cheil/o

lip

5

gloss/o, lingu/o

tongue

6

palat/o

palate

7

uvul/o

uvula

8

bolus

movements mix food with saliva to form a compact mass

9

sial/o

saliva

10

sialaden/o

salivary gland

11

three extrinsic salivary glands

parotid
submandibular
sublingual

12

bucc/o

buccal glands

13

epiglott/o

epiglottis

14

esophag/o

esophagus

15

peristalsis

involuntary wave-like movement

16

gastr/o

stomach

17

sphincter

control opening and closing through contractions

18

pylor/o

pylorus

19

antr/o

antrum

20

pepsia

digestion

21

pyloric sphincter

ring of muscles that guards the opening between the stomach and duodenum to ensure that food does not leave the stomach and enter the small intestine because it is chemically ready

22

enter/o

small intestine

23

duoden/o

duodenum

24

chol/e

bile

25

hepat/o

liver

26

cholecyst/o

gallbladder

27

pancreat/o

panreas

28

cholangi/o

bile ducts

29

jejun/o

jejunum

30

ile/o

ileum