MedTerm - module 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 12 Deck (115):
1

optic/o

vision

2

opt/o

eye

3

scler/o

sclera

4

kerat/o

cornea

5

corne/o

cornea

6

irid/o

iris

7

aqueous humor

fluid between cornea and iris

8

choroid/o

choroid layer

9

pupill/o

pupil

10

phac/o

lens

11

phak/o

lens

12

retin/o

retina

13

vitreous humor

jelly-like fluid between lens and retina

14

optic nerve

carries visual impulses from the retina to the brain

15

optic disc

from which the optic nerve arises
blind spot
not sensitive to light

16

fovea centralis

ONLY CONES

17

canthus

corner of the eye

18

lacrim/o

lacrimal gland

19

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

20

ciliary body

joins the iris with the anterior part of the choroid

21

refraction

bending of light rays as they pass through the cornea, lens and other structures of the eye on their way to the retina

22

pupillary

pertianing to the pupil

23

lacrimal

pertaining to the tear duct

24

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and tear ducts

25

cor/o. core/o

cornea

26

dacry/o

tear/tear duct

27

blephar/o

eyelid

28

ophthalm/o, ocul/o

structure of the eye

29

intraocular

within the eye

30

ophthalmic

anything pertaining to the eye

31

ophthalmologist

physician of ophthalmology

32

ophthalmology

study of diseases and treatments of the eye

33

opt/o

vision or relationship to the eye

34

optic

pertaining to vision

35

optometrist

helath professional who presecribes corrective lenses and eye excercises

36

optician

one qualified to fill prescriptions for lenses

37

emmetropia (Em)

state of normal vision

38

hyperopia

farsighted

39

myopia

nearsighted

40

-opia

vision

41

diplopia

double vision

42

nyctalopia

poor night vision or poor vision in faint light

43

nyct/o

night

44

presby/o

aging

45

presbyopia

impaired vision due to aging

46

retinitis pigmentosa

hereditary, progressive disease marked by night blindness with atrophy and retinal pigment changes

47

ophthalmalgia

vision and eye movement impaired due to pain in the eye

48

ophthalmoplegia

eye muscle paralysis

49

-plegia

paralysis

50

iridoplegia

paralysis of the iris

51

photophobia

abnormal sensitivity to light

52

phot/o

light

53

-phobia

abnormal fear of or aversion to specific things

54

nystagmus

involuntary jerking movement of the eye

55

strabismus

abnormal condiiton of squinting or crossed eye

56

amblyopia

complication of strbismus
vision of one eye is reduced due to its disease or misuse

57

ably/o

dim/dull

58

astigmatism

defective curvature of the refractive surface os the eye (cornea or lens)

59

cataract

clouding of the lens of the eye, giving the patients vision a watery appearance, leading to two more lens malformations

60

leukocoria

white pupil

61

endophthalmitis

generalized inflammation within the eye

62

biepharitis

localized inflammation of the eyelid

63

conjunctivies

inflammation of the conjunctiva

64

xerophthalmia

condition of dry conjunctiva and cornea caused by vitamin A deficiency

65

xer/o

DRY

66

pinguecula

yellow mass on the conjunctive that seems to be caused by environmental irritants

67

dacryocysitis

inflammation of the tear sac or lacrimal sac

68

keratitis

inflammation of the cornea

69

iritis

inflammation of the iris

70

corneoiritis

inflammation of cornea and irs

71

hordeolum/sty

infection of the oil gland of the eyelid

72

oculomycosis

fungal infections that affect the eye

73

sclerokeratitis

inflammation affects the cornea and the sclera

74

photoretinitis

inflammation of the retina caused by extreme light

75

blepharoptosis

drooping of the eye

76

chalazion

obstruction of the oil gland of the eye
meibomian cyst

77

pterygium

abnormal fold of membrane extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea

78

ophthalmorrhagia

rapid bleeding, or hemorrhaging, from the eye

79

scleromalacia

softening of the sclera

80

keratomalacia

softening of the cornea

81

anisocoris

condition of unequally sized pupils

82

isocoria

condition of equal sized pupils

83

retinopathy

any disease of the retina

84

retinoblastoma

tumor arising from the developing retinal cell

85

detached retina

separation of the retina from the choroid in back of the eye

86

macular degeneration

deterioration of the portion of the retina called the macula lutea, result of loss of central vision

87

keratometer

measure the cornea for fitting contact lenses

88

pupilloscope

visually examine the pupil

89

opthalmoscope

instrument used to examine the interior of the eye

90

optometer

measure the power and range of vision

91

tonometer

measure the pressure of the eyes

92

ton/o

tension

93

fluoprescein angiography

injection of a dye is used in conjuntion with a digital camera to record the vessels of the retina to confirm suspected retinal disease

94

miotic

agent that constricts the pupil

95

mydriatic agent

dialates the pupil

96

photorefractive keratectomy

procedure in which a laser is used to reshape the corneal surface by removing a portion of the cornea

97

keratoplasty

surgical repair of the cornea, or a cornea transplant

98

blepharoplasty

surgical repair of the eyelid

99

cryoextraction of the lens

surgical procedure in which the cataract is lifted from the eye with an extremely cold proble, cryprobe

100

phacoemulsification

ultasonic needle probe to break up the lens, which is then aspirated

101

cryoretinopexy

surgical fixation of the retina, using extreme cold in the form of CO2
fix for a detached retina

102

scleral buckling

reattaches the retina using a cryoprobe and a silicon sponge to push the sclera in toward the retinal wall

103

retinal photocoagulation

repair of retinal detachment or tears, glaucoma, we macular degeneratio or intraocular tumors usin gan intense, precisely focused laser beam. the beam condenses retinal tissue to either seal leaking blood vessels, destroy abnormal tissue, or to bond the retina to the back of the eye

104

sclerotomy

incision into the sclera

105

iridectomy

excision of part of the iris

106

iridotomy

simple incision into the iris

107

iridosclerotomy

incision into both the edge of the iris and into the sclera

108

enucleation

surgical removal of any entire organ that comes out clean and whole

109

dacryocystorhinostomy

creation of an artificial opening between the tear sac and the nose to restore drainage when the nasolacrimal duct is obstructed or obliterated

110

-stoma

artificial opening

111

dacry/o

tear

112

cyst/o

sac

113

rhino/o

nose

114

intraocular pressure (IOP)

fluid buildup in the eyes, is always a little high

115

trabeculectomy

surgical creation of a drain to reduce the intraocular pressure