MedTerm - module 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MedTerm - module 9 Deck (114):
1

implantation

embedding the zygote into the uterine lining

2

nidus

nest

3

4th day after fertilization to 8th week and embryo turns into..

zygote

4

embry/o, embryoid

resembling an embryo

5

embryogenic

something that produces an embryo

6

embryology

the study of the embryo and its development

7

embryologist

the study of the embry and its development and is pursed by this person

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amniotic sac

fluid filled sac, bag of waters

9

amnion

thin but tough membrane lining the chorion. contains embryo and later the fetus

10

amni/o, amnion/o

amnion or amniotic fluid

11

chorion

outermost layer of the membranes surrounding the embryo

12

chori/o

chorion

13

amniochorial/amnichorionic

pertaingin to both the amnion and chorion

14

placenta

highly vascular organ that serves as a bridge to the maternal circulation for the exchange of nutrients and wasstes

15

fetus

beginning with the 9th week of pregnancy

16

fet/o, fet/i

fetus

17

fetal

pertaining to the fetus

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fetography

radiographic visualization of the fetus

19

pelvic ultrasonography

directs ultrasound waves through the mothers pelvis to visualize the fetus and evaluate the pregnancy

20

pregnancy

period of growth and development from fetilization of the ovum until birth

21

gravid/o, cyes/o, cyes/i

pregnancy

22

gravid

pregnant

23

gravida

pregnant women, or a woman who has been pregnant, regardless of pregnancy outcome

24

-gravida

pregnant

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primigravida

first pregnancy

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primi-

first

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multigravida

woman who has been pregnant two or more times

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nulligravida

woman who has never been pregnant

29

nulli-

none

30

multi-

multiple

31

parturation

following the birth of the child

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par/o, part/o

labor

33

antepartum

an event occurring before labor and childbirth

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ante-

before

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intrapartum

an event occurring during labor and childbirth

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postpartum

event occurring after childbirth

37

post-

after

38

para

woman who has given birth

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nullipara

a woman who has not given birth to a viable offspring

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primipara

woman who has given birth to an offspring after the point of viability

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multipara

a woman who has given birth to viable offspring two or more times

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puerpera

a woman whos just given birth

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puerperium

period after childbirth

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lochi

vaginal discharge that can continue for 3-6 weeks after childbirth

45

puerperal

pertaining to the puerperium

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puerper/o

childbirth

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gravidopuerperal

pertaining to pregnancy and the puerperium

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premature infant

an infant born before completing 37 weeks of gestation

49

natal

pertaining to birth

50

prenatal

before birth

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neonate

newborn. infant birth to 4th week

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neonatology

branch of medicine dealling with diagnosis and treatment of disorders in newborns

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neonatologist

physician who specializes in neonatology

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postnatal

after birth

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meconium

fist postnatal stool of the newborn

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lactation

production and secretion of milk in the mothers breasts after birth

57

lact/o

milk

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lactic

pertaining to milk

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lactogenic

stimulating the production of milk

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colostrum

before lactation begins, the breast secretes thin, milky fluid

61

lactorrhea

a spontaneous discharge of milk

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-rrhea

spontaneous discharge

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amni/o, amnion/o

amnion or amniotic fluid

64

amniorrhexis

rupture of the amnion

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-rrhexis

rupture

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amniorrhea

leaking or discharge of the amniotic fluid

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amnionitis

inflammation of the amnion

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chorioamnionitis

inflammation of both the chorion and amnion

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amniocentesis

surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid to assess fetal health

70

oligohydramnios

scanty amount of amniotic fluid

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olig/o

scanty

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polyhydramnios

there is more than the normal amount of fluid

73

salpingocyesis

ectopic pregancy that occurs in the uterine, or fallopian, tube

74

infertility

the inability to achieve pregnancy after attempting for 1 year

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pseudocyesis

false pregnancy; women who believes she is pregnant

76

pseud/o

false

77

placenta previa

condition in which the placenta has developed in the lower portion of the uterus in such a way as to partially or completely cove the cervical opening

78

abruptio placentae

premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall

79

preeclampsi

occurs during pregnancy or shortly after delivery. acute high blood pressure. large quantities of proetin in the urine and swelling in legs and feet.

80

eclampsia

toxemia, gravest form of pregnancy induced hypertension

81

choriocarcinoma

malignant neoplasm of the uterus that arises from the chorionic membrane. association with ectopic pregnancy, or following an abortion

82

abortion

the premature termination of pregnancy.

83

dystocia

any difficult labor

84

cephalic

baby's head, brow, face, or chin should present itself at the cervical opening

85

cephal/o

head

86

breech birth

buttocks, knees, or feet emerge first

87

transverse

should presents first during pregnancy

88

congenital anomalies

abnormalities that are present at birth

89

microcephalus

very small head

90

omphalocele

herniation of part of the intestine through the abdominal wall near the umbilicus

91

omphal/o

umbilicus

92

-cele

herniation

93

hydrocephalus

abnormal amount of CSF

94

shunt

used to drain excess fluid and relieve pressure on the brain

95

down syndrome

inherited, or genetic, chromosomal abnormality.

96

terat/o

monster

97

tracheosophageal fistula

abnormality between the esophagus and trachea

98

esophageal atresia

congenital absence of part of the esophagus. prevents food from passing from the baby/s mouth to the stomach

99

enterocele

a hernia that contains intestine

100

cleft lip/palate

congenital split of the lip and roof of the mouth

101

cleft

gap

102

spina bifida

congenital defect in the vertebral column caused by the failure of the vertebral arch to fuse. divided spine

103

erythroblastosis fetalis

condition in which the incompatibility of maternal and fetal blood types leads to the destruction of RBCs in the newborn. diagnosed prenatal with amniocentesis

104

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of the muscular ring, the pyloric sphincter that separates the stomach from the first portion of the small intestine

105

amniocentesis

surgical puncture done to aspirate amniotic fluid to assess fetal health

106

amnioscopy

procedure to visually exam both the amniotic fluid and the fetus

107

amnioscope

instrument used to visualize the amniotic fluid and the fetus

108

chorionic villus sampling

aspiration of placental tissue

109

pelvic sonography

recording of sound in the area of the pelvis to produce ultrasound images of the fetus

110

cesarean section

removal of the fetus through an incision in the abdomen and uterus

111

episiotomy

surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery

112

perineotomy

surgical cut to prevent traumatic tearing of the perineum.

113

laparotomy

incision in the abdominal wall to remove the fetus safely

114

apgar score

rates the physical health of the neonate 1-5 minutes after birth