MedTerm - module 14 Flashcards Preview

T1 - Dani's MedTerm > MedTerm - module 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in MedTerm - module 14 Deck (179)
Loading flashcards...
1

osteocyte

bone cell

2

oste/o

bone

3

-cyte

cell

4

osseous

bony

5

chondr/o

cartilage

6

ossification

process of bone formation

7

epiphysis

bony end of a lon bone

8

epiphyseal plate

growth plate

9

osteoblasts

blood forming cells
small immature osteocytes

10

-blast

embryonic/immature

11

osteoclasts/phagocytes

resorb, digest, bony tissue and bone minerals

12

-clast

break

13

long bones

legs and arms

14

short bones

wrists and ankles

15

flat bones

cover soft body parts
shoulder blades, ribs, skull

16

sesamoid bones

small rounded bones.
increase efficiency of a joint muscles around them
patella

17

irregular bones

bones that dont fit into a category

18

diaphysis

middle shaft

19

metaphysis

eopiphysis and epiphyseal plate grow together to form this

20

articular cartilage

protect bone from direct bone-to-bone contact
slick, smooth, very tough fibrous tissue

21

bone depressions

hollows of bones

22

bone processes

raised or projected areas

23

periosteum

surrounds bone
outermost surface of the long bones except the ends

24

compact bone

hard, dense
strong

25

Haversian canals

blood vessels move through these channels within compact bone

26

spongy bone

interior of bones where spaces fill with marrow

27

red bone marrow

rich in blood andhave mature and immature blood cells

28

endosteum

lines medullary cavity

29

yellow bone marrow

made up of fat cells

30

axial skeleton

skull, spinal column, ribs and sternum